Russula


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Related to Russula: Lactarius

Russula

 

a genus of pileate fungi of the group of gill fungi. The fruiting body of most species is brittle. The cap is usually brightly colored, and the stem is white or pinkish. The absence of milky juice differentiates Russula from the closely related genus Lactarius. The mushrooms grow in coniferous and deciduous forests. Of the approximately 150 species, 80 occur in the USSR. All species are edible, but they are not particularly valuable, mainly owing to the brittleness of the flesh. The only valuable species is R. delica. Some species are not used in fresh form owing to their acrid taste, a taste that disappears upon steeping or boiling before pickling.

References in periodicals archive ?
There are numerous types of edible and also inedible Russulas which varied a lot in cap colour.
Fluorescent Orange Russula This is one of those 'Wow' species that seems unreal.
Russula delica tambien es vendida en mercados del centro de Mexico (Perez-Moreno et al.
Holotype: [male] BENIN: Koussanzamou, ex Russula sp.
Russula emetica, especie venenosa, presenta sabor picante, color rojo en el estipite y pileo color blanco lo que permite diferenciarla de R.
Entre los mamiferos salvajes mas importantes, se encuentran: Sus scrofa (jabali), Vulpes vulpes (zorro), Crocidura russula (musarana comun), Lepus europaeus (liebre), Oryctolagus cuniculus (conejo), Mustela nivalis (comadreja), Apodemus sylvaticus (raton de campo), Pitymys duodecimcostatus (topillo comun), Erinaceus euroaeus (erizo).
Pinus, Abies y Liquidambar; trepadoras de especies como: Archibaccharis, Celastrus, Clematis, Gelsemium, Parthenocissus, Philadelphus, Rhus, Smilax y Vitis; arbustos de especies como: Oreopanax, Topobea, Fuchsia, Clusia, Juanulloa, Solandra; pteridofitas de numerosas especies de Lycopodium, de Selaginella, de Hymenophyllaceae y de Cyatheaceae; musgos de los generos: Anomodon, Homalia, Papillaria, Pilotrichella, Porotrichum, Prionodon, Rhizogonium y Schloteimia; hongos superiores de los generos: Amanita, Scleroderma, Schizophyllum, Ganoderma, Leotia, Lenzites, Boletus, Linderiella, Auricularia, Russula, Lactarius, Oudumansiella, Dictyopanus, Gyrodon, Psilocybe y Calostoma.
2000) encontraram altas prevalencias de Cryptosporidium em pequenos mamiferos das especies Apodemus sylvaticus (35,2%), Mus spretus (27,2%) e Crocidura russula (14%) no Nordeste da Espanha.
The toxicity of Russula subnigrieans, the species identified in the new study, has barely been looked at, Nieminen said.
The poisonous mushroom Russula Emetica, commonly known as "the sickener", is hoarded and eaten by the red squirrel.
Giama (Universidad de La Coruna) & Russula (2006).