Rutaceae


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Related to Rutaceae: Fabaceae, Solanaceae

Rutaceae

[rü′tās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Sapindales distinguished by mostly free stamens and glandular-punctate leaves.

Rutaceae

 

(rue), a family of dicotyledonous plants including trees, shrubs, and, less commonly, herbs. The leaves are most often alternate, simple or compound, and exstipulate. They usually have pellucid dots—glandules containing essential oil. The flowers are mostly bisexual and regular, and the perianth is four- or five-parted (rarely two- or three-parted). The number of stamens is usually two or more times as many as that of the petals. The gynoecium has four or five carpels. (Less commonly there are one to three or numerous carpels.)

There are about 150 genera of rue, embracing 1,600 species. They are found predominantly in tropical and subtropical zones, especially in Southern Africa and Australia. The USSR has 40 species, belonging to five genera. They include the Amur cork tree (Phellodendron amurense), common rue (Ruta graveolens), and dittany (Dictamnus). Of the greatest practical significance are the citrus crops and medicinal plants, such as species of the genera Pilocarpus, Barosma, and Pagara. Some tropical species, such as satinwood (Chloroxylon swietenia), yield valuable lumber.

References in periodicals archive ?
(2003) reported plant products (Rutaceae) to combat the problems associated with public health especially mosquitoes that in turn will provide valuable replacement of dangerous chemicals.
Skimmianine or 4,7,8-trimethoxyfuro[2,3-b]quinoline is a quinoline alkaloid isolated from Rutaceae plants.
Biological activity of Ruta chalepensis(Rutaceae) and Sechium pittieri (Cucurbitaceae) extracts on Hypsipyla grandella (Lepidoptera :Pyralidae) larvae.
In Papilionidae, Aristolochiaceae (Paleoherb 1) and Rutaceae (Rosid 2) are clearly dominating themes, while Pieridae are typically associated with plants in Brassicaceae and related families, such as Capparidaceae (Rosid 2).
Other species-rich lineages include those for Melicope (47 species, Rutaceae), the silversword complex (28 species of Dubautia, Argyroxyphium, and Wilkesia, Asteraceae), the Hawaiian Alsinoideae (Schiedea and Alsinidendron, 26 species, Caryophyllaceae), Hedyotis (20 species, Rubiaceae), Myrsine (20 species, Myrsinaceae), and one colonist of Peperomia (20 species, Piperaceae).
[USPRwire, Wed Oct 17 2018] Buchu essential oil is derived from the Agothosma betulina it is from the Rutaceae family.
Rutaceae is the family of flowering plants belonging to the order Sapindales.
Lecanodiaspis dendrobii (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Lecanodiaspididae) is a polyphagous scale insect that feeds on many plant species distributed in six botanic families: Euphorbiaceae, Fabaceae, Moraceae, Orchidaceae, Rutaceae and Verbenaceae (Garcia et al., 2015).
Botanically, it belongs to the large Rutaceae family of citrus fruits, in the genus: Citrus, and closely related to oranges.