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Rutebeuf(rütəböf`), fl. between 1254 and 1285, French poet. He was the author of an early miracle play, Le Miracle de Théophile, and of fabliaux, allegories, saints' lives, and satires. Skillfully using legend, he eloquently attacked social abuses and mocked the flaws of all classes.
(also Rustebeuf). Born circa 1230 in Champagne; died 1285 in Paris. French poet and playwright.
Rutebeuf wrote satirical verses that reflected medieval urban life, songs about the Crusades, fabliaux, and religious dramas. He also wrote about the lives of saints. He denounced the vices of the nobility, the greed of the urban elite, and the hypocrisy of the clergy. Rutebeuf wrote The Miracle of Theophilus (c. 1261; Russian translation by A. A. Blok, 1907), which deals with a man who sells his soul to the devil.
WORKSOeuvres complètes, vols. 1–2. Paris, 1959–60.
In Russian translation:
In Khrestomatiia po zarubezhnoi literature: Literatura srednikh vekov. Moscow, 1953.
REFERENCESIstoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1946. Pages 161–63.
Lafeuille, G. Rutebeuf Paris .
Serper, A. Rutebeuf poète satirique. Paris, 1969.
Regalado, N. F. Poetic Patterns in Rutebeuf. New Haven-London, 1970.
A. D. MIKHAILOV