Rutherford, Mark

Rutherford, Mark,

pseud. of William Hale WhiteWhite, William Hale,
pseud. Mark Rutherford,
1831–1913, English novelist. He studied to become a clergyman, but instead became (1854) a clerk in the admiralty, rising in 1879 to assistant director of naval contracts.
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Rutherford, Mark


(pen name of William Hale White). Born Dec. 22, 1831, in Bedford; died Mar. 14, 1913, in Groom-bridge. English author.

Before beginning his career as a novelist, Rutherford attended a theological college. His novels The Autobiography of Mark Rutherford (1881) and Mark Rutherford’s Deliverance (1885) depict the emergence of a consciousness that is becoming free of Victorian prejudices, religious and other. The novel The Revolution in Tanner’s Lane (1887; Russian translation, 1969) centers on the figure of a worker-printer and his path from anarchism to a conscious revolutionary struggle. One of the first proletarian works in European literature, the novel has been acclaimed by English Marxist literary criticism, especially by R. Fox. Fidelity to democratic convictions is the hallmark of Rutherford’s novels from the 1890’s, including Miriam’s Schooling and Other Papers (1890) and Catherine Furze (1893). Under his real name, William Hale White, he published translations of works by Spinoza and books on Wordsworth and Bunyan.


Novels, vols. 1–6. London, 1923.
Letters to Three Friends. London, 1924.


Istoriia angliiskoi literatury, vol. 3. Moscow, 1958.
Stock, I. William Hale White (Mark Rutherford). London, 1956.
Merton, S. Mark Rutherford (William Hale White). New York [1967]. (Bibliography on pp. 187–89.)
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References in periodicals archive ?
Manager Dean Keates oversaw a major rebuild of his squad in the summer - with only Rutherford, Mark Carrington, Chris Dunn, Leo Smith and Olly Marx remaining from last season's squad - and Rutherford admits it was always going to take time for the Dragons to gel.
GROOMSMEN: Daniel Derbyshire, Gareth Rutherford, Mark Battye.
This seemed to rouse Rutherford, Mark Murtagh scoring a fine effort to make the score 2-1.
David Daley, Ashley Hancox, Scott Rutherford, Mark Harris; Mark Glatman, James Howarth; Louise Brooke-Smith, Hilary Allen; Floyd Carrol, Rob Kay, Dan Beddow, Jane Harrison-Pike; Tim Davies, Jasmin Banks, Matt Viall, Lee Jones Tessa Brooks, Simon Bradly, Russ Bendall; Graham Elliott, Mick Harvey, David Blakemore, Rob Kay; David Smith, Jeremy Horner, Richard Payne, Richard Shinfield; Nick Reed, Dan Harrison, Glyn Thomas, Tony Rundle
Coventry has a nucleus of good class professionals now in Dean Pithie, Richard Evatt, Neil Simpson, Roy Rutherford, Mark and Gareth Payne and Jim Twite.
18807) - pseudonym is so weak a term as to be positively misleading, wrote six interlinked fictions: The Autobiography of Mark Rutherford, Mark Rutherford's Deliverance, The Revolution in Tanner's Lane, Miriam's Schooling, Catharine Furze, and Clara Hopgood.