Rutherford, Daniel


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Rutherford, Daniel

 

Born Nov. 3, 1749. in Edinburgh; died there Nov. 15, 1819. Scottish chemist, botanist, and physician. Professor at the University of Edinburgh from 1786.

In 1772, Rutherford discovered a gas that did not sustain respiration or combustion and, unlike carbon dioxide, was not absorbed by alkaline solutions. He erroneously identified the gas as air saturated with phlogiston. However, A. Lavoisier proved that the gas was nitrogen, a constituent of air.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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