Ruwenzori


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Ruwenzori

(ro͞o'wənzō`rē), mountain range, E central Africa, on the Uganda-Congo border, in the western arm of the Great Rift Valley between lakes Albert and Edward. This fault-block range is composed of ancient crystalline rock; Uganda's Kilembe copper mine is located in the range's eastern foothills. The snowcapped summits of the Ruwenzori include Mt. Margherita (16,798 ft/5,120 m) and Mt. Alexandra (16,750 ft/5,105 m). The peaks are invariably shrouded in mist, presenting an eerie aspect, and there are extensive glaciers and glacial lakes. The range may be the fabled "Mountains of the Moon," erroneously supposed by the ancients to be the source of the Nile.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ruwenzori

 

(formerly Queen Elizabeth National Park), a national part in Uganda; located in the Western Province near Lakes Edward and George. Area, 220,000 hectares. The park was created in 1952 as a preserve for large animals of the tropical rain forest, savannas, and swamps. It is inhabited by elephants, buffalo, hippopotamuses (the number is regulated), several kinds of antelope, greater celandines, lions, leopards (rarely encountered), and chimpanzees. There are also many birds. A scientific center for studying the ecology of tropical fauna is located in the settlement of Mweya.


Ruwenzori

 

a mountain massif in East Africa, on the border of Zaïre and Uganda. The maximum elevation is 5,109 m at Margherita Peak. The Ruwenzoris consist of an arched hollow uplift composed of Precambrian crystalline rocks. On the lower slopes to an elevation of approximately 2,600 m there are piedmont and mountain tropical rain forests, partially replaced by secondary savannas. Along the timberline there are bamboo thickets. Subalpine vegetation, primarily tree heath, is found at elevations of 2,600 to 3,800 m. Above 3,800 m there are alpine meadows of ragwort and lobelia. Permanent snow and glaciers (with an area of about 5 sq km) cover the mountains above 4,600 or 4,800 m. Valley glaciers descend to an elevation of approximately 4,200 m. The Ruwenzoris were discovered in 1876 by H. M. Stanley.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Ruwenzori

a mountain range in central Africa, on the border between Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Za?re) between Lakes Edward and Albert: generally thought to be Ptolemy's "Mountains of the Moon". Highest peak: Mount Stanley, 5109 m (16 763 ft.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Moreover, we found only one endemic bird species, the Ruwenzori Double-collared Sunbird (Cinnyris stuhlmanni), in Musanze, unlike the three endemic bird species present in Buhanga eco-park and the fifteen in the PNV.
(3) Ruwenzori State University (UOR), Butembo, Democratic Republic of Congo
Try the juicy but delicate flavours of Tahitian Vanilla; the high quality pods from small family farms in Papua New Guinea; savour the exclusive vanilla from the UNESCO Biosphere reserve in Mananara-North in Madagascar and make the most of the limited supply of Congolese vanilla pods from the foothills of the Ruwenzori Mountains.
Ruwenzori Mountains), a pre-acclimatization for 24-48 hours should be possible for most industrial or business tasks or for travelling.
Following an introduction to his works, the book presents breathtaking photos of Alaska, Caucasus, the Alps, Sikkim, Ruwenzori, and Karakoram taken between 1884 and 1909, and including panoramas, which show amazing artistic and technical ability rivaling that of photographers today.
It is noteworthy as well that, in this beginning chapter, as in other places, the authors' delightful prose is captured in their description of the Ruwenzori Mountains when they write, "Here in the Ruwenzori earthworms will grow to three feet, canaries five feet from beak to tail, all dominated by gigantic flowering trees of great age.
Later, in 1906, he led a party that climbed six of the principal peaks in the Ruwenzori Ranges, Uganda.
For instance, IDP camps and "protected villages" have constituted for years the most regular targets for the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) attacks in Uganda's Ruwenzori Mountains.
The White Nile, fed by melting snow from the Ruwenzori (or Rain Giver) Mountains and various equatorial lakes, provides a small but continual flow of water to the river.
Good African Coffee incorporates some 14,000 small-scale coffee farmers in the region of Ruwenzori. About 3,000 of the farms are involved in the ITC-supported project, which is helping them to obtain the organic certification that will add value to their products.
The first six months of his placement was spent working for the Ruwenzori Forum for Peace and Justice, where it was his job to try to help the organisation, which aims to provide basic education and healthcare for orphans.