Rykov, Aleksey Ivanovich

Rykov, Aleksey Ivanovich

(əlyĭksyā` ēvä`nəvĭch rē`kôf), 1881–1938, Russian revolutionary and Communist leader. A Bolshevik, he became commissar for the interior after the October Revolution of 1917 and a member of the Politburo in 1922. On Lenin's death (1924) he succeeded as chairman of the council of commissars (i.e., premier of the USSR). He joined Stalin in the 1926 polemical struggle which saw the humbling of ZinovievZinoviev, Grigori Evseyevich
, 1883–1936, Soviet Communist leader, originally named Radomyslsky. He joined the Russian Social Democratic Labor party in 1901 and sided with Vladimir Lenin's Bolshevik faction after 1903 (see Bolshevism and Menshevism).
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 and KamenevKamenev, Lev Borisovich
, 1883–1936, Soviet Communist leader. His original name was Rosenfeld. He joined (1901) the Social Democratic party and sided with the Bolshevik wing when the party split (1903).
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 and the exile of TrotskyTrotsky, Leon
, 1879–1940, Russian Communist revolutionary, one of the principal leaders in the establishment of the USSR; his original name was Lev Davidovich Bronstein. Early Career

Trotsky was born of Jewish parents in the S Ukraine.
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. Rykov was in turn accused (1929) of "rightist deviation" when Stalin switched camps and advocated a drastic collectivization program, which Rykov had opposed. Rykov was forced to admit his "errors" and was expelled from the Politburo; Molotov succeeded him as premier. Rykov received a secondary post in 1931. He was a victim of the party purges of the 1930s and was executed after a public trial for treason.
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