Ryman, Robert

Ryman, Robert,

1930–, American painter, b. Nashville, Tenn. While working (1953–60) as a guard at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City he was immersed in modern and contemporary works of art daily and became friends with such fellow workers and future minimalists as Dan FlavinFlavin, Dan
, 1933–96, American sculptor, b. New York City. In the early 1960s, Flavin experimented with fluorescent lights, bending them into complex, angular shapes.
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 and Sol LeWittLeWitt, Sol
, 1928–2007, American artist, b. Hartford, Conn. LeWitt, who came into prominence in the 1960s, termed his work conceptual art, emphasizing that the idea or concept that animates each work is its most important aspect.
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. In the mid-1950s he began to experiment with painting, at first working with color. He soon turned to the austere, largely monochromatic work to which he has devoted his artistic career: square, most often white-on-white paintings, differentiated by their various shades, surface textures, and types of paint, by the materials the paint is applied to, by their sizes, and by how they are affixed to the wall. His work is included in many major museum collections.

Bibliography

See museum catalog by V. Sretenović (2010); study by S. P. Hudson (2009).

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The entrepreneur behind Ryman, Robert Dyas and Boux Avenue told the Press Association that retailers are 'getting it right in the neck' as the sector struggles with labour costs, the apprenticeship levy, soaring business rates and the collapse in sterling following the Brexit vote.
The entrepreneur behind Ryman, Robert Dyas and Boux Avenue told the Press Association that retailers are "getting it right in the neck" as the sector struggles with labour costs, the apprenticeship levy, soaring business rates and the collapse in sterling following the Brexit vote.
Many black holes have meanwhile pulsed into being in the Ab-Ex universe, including those of Robert Ryman, Robert Smithson and Michael Heizer, who combined investigations of different media with time-based elements such as natural or artificial light, the surface of the earth, and the optics of negative space.