Rytov, Mikhail

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Rytov, Mikhail Vasil’evich


Born Jan. 4(16), 1846, in Novomirgorod, in what is now Kirovograd Oblast; died Apr. 17, 1920, in Gorki, in what is now Mogilev Oblast. Russian agronomist and scientist concerned with vegetable and fruit cultivation.

Rytov graduated from the law faculty (1871) and the division of natural science of the physics and mathematics faculty (1878) of Moscow University. From 1879 through 1920 he taught at the Gory-Goretsk Agricultural School in Gorki, Mogilev Province. In 1880 he organized a plant nursery there for experimenting with agricultural crops and testing new cultivation methods. His major works were on the biology of vegetable and fruit plants. Rytov studied the effect of a scion on a stock and acknowledged the possibility of vegetative hybridization. He proposed propagation of apple trees by seeds.


Kratkii uchebnik ogorodnichestva i plodovodstva, parts 1–2. St. Petersburg, 1895–96.
Rukovodstvo k ogorodnichestvu, vols. 1–3. St. Petersburg, 1897–99.
Obshchee uchenie o vozdelyvaemykh rasteniiakh. Moscow, 1896.


Berdyshev, A. P. Mikhail Vasil’evich Rytov: Russkii agrobiolog. Moscow, 1951.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.