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Rzeszów(zhĕ`sho͞of), city (1992 est. pop. 156,000), capital of Podkarpackie prov., SE Poland. It is a railway junction and an important industrial center, whose major industries produce metals, rolling stock, machinery, textiles, and foodstuffs. An old commercial settlement, Rzeszów was chartered c.1340. Casimir the Great of Poland later awarded the city to a nobleman in return for military service during Mongol raids. Rzeszów passed to Austria in 1772; it reverted to Poland in 1919. Its many historic buildings include a 17th-century castle and an 18th-century town hall. It also has two colleges and many cultural facilities.
a city in southeastern Poland on the Wisłok River in the foothills of the Carpathians. It is the administrative center of Rzeszów Województwo. Population, 82,200 (1970). Rzeszów is a railroad junction. Its major industries are machine building, including automobile and airplane engines, and food processing (meat combine, fruit cannery); there is also a plant producing industrial porcelain. The city has an advanced engineering school and a pedagogical institute (since 1965), as well as a museum of the Rzeszów region. The city was founded in the 14th century.