Rzhev

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Rzhev

(ərzhĕf`), city (1989 est. pop. 70,000), NW European Russia, on the Volga River and on a major rail line to Moscow. It has textile plants and repair shops for railroad equipment. Rzhev, an ancient trade center, was controlled by the Smolensk principality in the 12th cent. and taken by Novgorod in 1216. During World War II it was fortified by the Germans as a major bastion on their northern defense line.

Rzhev

 

a city under oblast jurisdiction and administrative center of Rzhev Raion, Kalinin Oblast, RSFSR. Located on the Volga River, 123 km southwest of the city of Kalinin. Junction of the Moscow-Riga and Leningrad-Briansk railroad lines. Population, 68,000 (1975; 54,000 in 1939).

Known since the early 11th century, Rzhev was part of the Smolensk Principality. From 1225 it was the seat of an appanage principality. In the 14th century it was annexed by the Muscovite state. From the early 18th century it was part of St. Petersburg Province, becoming a district capital in 1775. From 1796 it was part of Tver’ Province. A railroad was built in 1870. Soviet power was established in Rzhev in October 1917. Rzhev was an okrug center of Zapadnaia Oblast from 1929 and has been a raion center of Kalinin Oblast since 1935. On Oct. 14, 1941, Rzhev was captured by the fascist German aggressors, and in early 1942 the approaches to the city were the scenes of bitter fighting. On Mar. 3, 1943, the Soviet Army liberated Rzhev in the course of the Rzhev-Viaz’ma Operation.

Rzhev has a plant for the production of automotive electrical equipment, a plant for the production of cranes, a repair and machine shop, a flax-combing factory, a furniture combine, and enterprises of the building-materials and food industries. Rzhev also has a machine-building technicum, a sovkhoz-tech-nicum, medical and music schools, and a museum of local lore.

REFERENCES

Vishniakov, M. M. Rzhev: K istorii goroda i raiona. Moscow, 1969.
Vboiakh za Rzhev. Moscow, 1973.
References in periodicals archive ?
Electronic auction: implementation of winter maintenance of public roads of local significance outside the boundaries of settlements within the boundaries of the rzhevsky municipal district of the tver region for the first quarter of 2018
As Nicholas Rzhevsky notes: "The crucial ideological point is the concept that man 'invents himself to love himself,' for this moral-psychological gesture, Versilov suggests, is what is real while abstractions on the order of 'mankind' never 'really existed.
Following are articles on Pushkin, Tolstoy, and, in the last section, several articles that are not tightly united by theme, on Alexey Rzhevsky, Mikhail Murav'ev and Semyon Bobrov, and Leskov's response to Dostoevsky.
Bate coach Viktor Goncharenko, whose only absentee is long-term injured striker Vladimir Rzhevsky, dismissed Real's injury problems and said his team is morally obliged to gun for the quarter-finals.
18) Mark Bassin, 'Russia and Asia', in Nicholas Rzhevsky (ed.
Rzhevsky, demonstrated in his tragedy The False Smerdis (1769) some of the important lessons at issue by creating a dichotomy of heroic woman and base male.
Marriage with the young Rzhevsky will unite me to the proud Russian nobility, and I shall no longer be a stranger in my new fatherland.
The volume opens with an introductory survey by Nicholas Rzhevsky, which gives useful indicators for identifying a culture - its language origins, its geographical location, its religious and ideological concepts, its folk ethos - and focuses the reader's mind on the complex, elusive nature of Russian cultural identity.
Nicholas Rzhevsky is, it seems, too ambitious when he embarks on his own interpretation of Russian thought rather than providing an organizing principle for the volume that would help the reader to understand its aim, target audience and selection of topics.
Electronic auction: performance of works on maintenance of motor roads of the 3rd class of regional and intermunicipal significance of rzhevsky district of tver region for 2018
Nicholas Rzhevsky (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003), 125; Nikolaus Katzer, "'Neue Menschen' in Bewegung: Zum Verhaltnis von Sport und Moderne in Russland im 20.