Séguier, Pierre, duc de Villemor

Séguier, Pierre, duc de Villemor

(pyĕr sāgyā` dük də vēlmôr`), 1588–1672, chancellor of France. Beginning as counselor to the Parlement of Paris, he rose to become chancellor in 1635. He crushed a revolt in Normandy in 1639, presided (1642) over the trial of the marquis de Cinq MarsCinq Mars, Henri Coëffier Ruzé d'Effiat, marquis de
, 1620–42, French conspirator. Introduced at court by Cardinal Richelieu at an early age, Cinq Mars rapidly rose in King Louis XIII's favor and was made master of the horse.
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, and in 1661 arraigned Nicholas FouquetFouquet or Foucquet, Nicolas
, 1615–80, superintendent of finance (1653–61) under King Louis XIV of France. His loyalty to Cardinal Mazarin during the Fronde helped to secure his position.
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 on charges of embezzlement at the start of a trial that ended in Fouquet's being condemned (1664) to banishment and eventually, life imprisonment. A friend of Cardinal Mazarin, he was instrumental in having the Parlement accept Anne of Austria as regent for her infant son, Louis XIV.
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