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(sī`rĭs), or


(sĕr`əs), Lat. Serrae or Serrhae, city (1991 pop. 50,390), capital of Sérrai prefecture, NE Greece, in Macedonia. It is a trade center for tobacco, grain, and livestock. Textiles and other light manufactures are produced. The city was fortified under the Byzantine Empire and in the 14th cent. became a capital of Czar Stephen DušanStephen Dušan or Dushan
, c.1308–1355, king (1331–46) and czar (1346–55) of Serbia, son of Stephen Uros III. He is also known as Stephen Uros IV.
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 of Serbia. Sérrai was held by the Ottoman Empire from 1383 to 1913, when it passed to Greece. The city was occupied and damaged by Bulgaria in both World Wars.



a city in northeastern Greece, in eastern Macedonia; capital of the Serrai Nome. Population, 39,900 (1971). Serrai is the center of an agricultural region producing cotton, rice, tobacco, and silk. Industries include food and tobacco processing, metalworking, and the production of textiles and chemicals. Lignite is mined in the environs of Serrai.