Sévigné, Marie De Rabutin-Chantal, Marquise of

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sévigné, Marie De Rabutin-Chantal, Marquise of


Born Feb. 5, 1626, in Paris; died Apr. 17, 1696, at the Chateau of Grignan in Provence. French writer.

Sévigné is known for her letters, written over a period of many years, to her daughter and friends. In the letters she discussed life in Paris and Versailles, political events, and literary and theatrical news. Writing in a rather witty style, she criticized the policies of the Jesuits, the hypocrisy of the court, and the wars that were burdening the country. She viewed her epoch through the eyes of an intelligent, if not unprejudiced, aristocrat. She took an irreconcilably hostile position toward peasant disturbances. Her letters are a model of the elegant and precise prose style of classicism.


Lettres de Mme de Sévigné, de sa famille et des amis: Recueillies et annotées par Monmerqué, new ed., vols. 1–[15], Paris, 1862–68.
Lettres: [Texte] établi [et annoté] par Gérard-Gaillv, vols. 1–3. Paris, 1953–57.


Istoriia Frantsuzskoi Literatury, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1946. Pages 454–56.
Bailly, A. Mme de Sévigné. Paris, 1955.
Cioranescu, A. Bibliographie de la littérature française du dix-septième siècle, vol. 3. Paris, 1966.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.