sanity


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sanity

the state of being sane

Sanity

 

(in criminal law), the ability of a person to account for his actions and control them—one of the necessary features characterizing the person guilty of committing a crime. In Soviet criminal law imputability is the basis of guilt and criminal responsibility for criminal actions (Basic Principles of Criminal Legislation of the USSR and the Union Republics, 1958, art. 11).

The ability to account for one’s actions presupposes the ability to understand the facts of the surrounding conditions and of one’s own actions and to assess correctly the social danger of one’s conduct. Ability to control one’s actions means the ability to act according to one’s will, ideas, and desires.

If the investigator or judge questions an offender’s sanity, the matter is decided by the findings of the court psychiatrist. The absence of sanity-insanity—excludes criminal responsibility.

In the criminal law of contemporary bourgeois states the question of sanity is decided in various ways. Thus, for example, the French criminal code (art. 64) stipulates that an act committed in the condition of insanity is not a crime. In the USA and Great Britain the principle of presumption of sanity is in effect—that is, the defense must declare and prove the insanity of the defendant, and the court may render the decision “guilty by reason of insanity.” This means that the condition of insanity does not exclude criminal guilt.

V. F. KIRICHENKO

References in periodicals archive ?
Tagged 'Operation Restore Sanity On Lagos Roads,' the Task Force involving 2,271 personnel drawn from the Police, Lagos State Traffic Management Authority (LASTMA), Lagos State Emergency Management Agency (LASEMA), Nigerian Security and Civil Defence Corps (NSCDC), Federal Road Safety Corps (FRSC), and Nigerian Military, including Army, Air Force and the Navy moved into the area on Friday in an operation that lasted for over 72 hours to open up the service lane in the axis to ease traffic.
One is left wondering who decides what is insanity and what is sanity. Reference to R.D.
From the time of the publication of Science and Sanity, Korzybski's life was closely linked with a movement among scientists, educators, physicians, and others concerned with the development of a science of man.
Advocate Dahi told the court earlier: "The defendant had requested the primary court to refer him to a psychiatrists' committee to examine his sanity after claiming that he suffers a mental illness.
Surely, should we do find our sanity and elect to return democracy to our country, this means we will be cutting back on migration numbers, those who are only using our country to reap cash benefits denied them in their homeland would have to return home and we could deport all those criminals who are laughing at us courtesy of the human rights act.
Cooke, right, said: "People questioned my sanity coming to Bray.
The Maine man dubbed the North Pond Hermit has broken his silence, telling a magazine writer that he doesn't know why he disappeared into the woods for nearly three decades and that jail was worse for his sanity than isolation.
So we really don't cherish "sanity'' anymore because the world's people feel they are living through uncertain times.
This is the only way to bring sanity to the way directors are paid."
Selections from Science and Sanity: An Introduction to Non-Aristotelian Systems and General Semantics.
In the area of disclosure and barring (previously vetting and barring), however, some progress towards sanity seems to have occurred.
Most interesting is that Neil and Bree's mother is suffering from an unnamed mental illness, and the children's doubts about their own sanity haunt them as much as their strange encounters.