SATA

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SATA

SATA

(Serial ATA) The standard hardware interface for connecting hard drives, solid state drives (SSDs) and CD/DVD drives to the computer. Introduced in 2001, all computers for consumer use employ the SATA interface. However, servers and high-end workstations may use the SCSI interface (see serial attached SCSI).

SATA, PATA and IDE
SATA is the faster serial version of the parallel ATA (PATA) interface. Both SATA and PATA are "integrated drive electronics" (IDE) devices, which means the controller is in the drive, and only a simple circuit is required on the motherboard. See IDE, mSATA and SATA Express.
SATA                     DataVersion         Year   Transfer

   1.0  I          2001    1.5 Gbps
   2.0  II, 3G     2004    3.0 Gbps
   3.0  III, 6G    2009    6.0 Gbps
   3.2  Express    2013   16.0 Gbps
   3.3**           2016   16.0 Gbps

   ** support for SMR (see  SATA 3.3)


External eSATA and eSATAp Drives
Some computer motherboards have eSATA ports for external SATA drives. The hybrid port (right) supports both SATA power and USB devices (see eSATA USB Hybrid Port).







SATA and PATA Cables
SATA was welcomed by PC builders because the earlier PATA cables usurped most of the room inside the case. PATA connectors were also much larger. This transition motherboard supported both SATA and PATA drives.


SATA and PATA Cables
SATA was welcomed by PC builders because the earlier PATA cables usurped most of the room inside the case. PATA connectors were also much larger. This transition motherboard supported both SATA and PATA drives.








External SATA Drive
External and laptop drives use 2.5" platters, whereas desktops typically use 3.5". The 2.5" drive (top) plugs directly into the sockets on this external case without extra wires. "Powered eSATAp" ports include the power, and the drive does not plug into an AC outlet.
References in periodicals archive ?
Samsung Electronics America introduced the 860 PRO and 860 EVO solid state drives, the most up-to-date additions to the company's SATA interface lineup.
Extra pins on each side of the drive's connector mate with pins in the motherboard's SATA interface to provide a power source that eliminates the need for cables.
3 x4 specification offers significant improvement over the traditional SATA interface used by other SSDs, however, it does mean that not all computers can make use of the latest Samsung SSD.
2 SSD supports the SATA interface with high compatibility, which offers the product ample coverage in different applications.
The new series also boasts 6Gbit/s SATA interface speeds and Advanced Format sector technology, allowing compatibility with legacy applications and operating environments using aligned writes.
DevSleep allows compatible mobile devices to completely power off the SATA interface when not in use while maintaining a fast response time of less than 100ms (0.
Additional features include desirable acoustics and shock--operation and non-operation shock specifications with 400 G and 1000G, respectively: edge card technology; and a small form factor SFF-8784 edge connector which receives power from and interfaces with the host I/O bus via the SATA interface connector SFF-8784.
Each member of the new VelociRaptor family is equipped with the high speed 6 Gb/s Sata interface, which enables unhindered read/write performance.
The drive uses a 6Gbps SATA interface and a 64MB cache buffer.
The product family features a 6Gb/s SATA interface and a 64MB cache buffer.
The dual-platter Spinpoint M8 operates on a high-performance 3Gb/s SATA interface, provides an 8MB buffer memory and incorporates EcoSeek and NoiseGuard features to reduce noise levels.