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a Norwegian or Icelandic poet of the ninth through 13th centuries. The poetry of the skalds has survived as fragments in the 13th-century Icelandic literary classics the Prose Edda and the sagas. Before being written down, Skaldic poetry existed in oral tradition. The poetry of about 250 skalds is known. The earliest skalds were Norwegians. The most famous skald was the Icelander Egill Skallagrímsson (tenth century).

The skalds composed eulogistic, derogatory, and occasional verse. Their poetry generally set down contemporary facts and hence is regarded as a reliable historical source. For mannered intricacy of form, skaldic poetry is without parallel in world literature. The meter is strict and complex and the language abounds in complicated periphrases (kennings) and poetic synonyms (heitis); phrases are intertwined with one another. Skaldic poetry is difficult to interpret.


Den norsk-islandske skjaldedigtning, 1A-2A (manuscript text); 1B-2B (corrected text with Danish translation). Edited by F. Jónsson. Copenhagen, 1908-15.


Steblin-Kamenskii, M. I. “Proiskhozhdenie poezii skal’dov.” In Skandinavskii sbornik, fasc. 3. Tallinn, 1958.
De Vries, J. Altnordische Literaturgeschichte, 2nd ed., vols. 1-2. Berlin, 1964-67.


References in periodicals archive ?
During 2001-2006, an estimated 139,770 initial ED visits by persons aged [greater than or equal to]65 years occurred for nonfatal fire or burn injuries, of which 53,600 (38%) were nonfatal scald burns.
The Tarcoola Scald profile had a massive structure in the A horizon and a subangular blocky structure in the B horizon.
This current study shows scald injuries as high as 69.
The differences between the upper profiles of Sites 5V/5S and 8V/8S indicate that the concentration of salts increase towards bare scald surfaces during dry times.
Among the most serious injuries in the home are falls, burns - especially in house fires, and scalds.
Experts say water should be at 100 degrees - anything over 120 can scald a child.
But scald hundreds of thousands of chickens alive each year?
There must be factors other than deep drainage and close proximity of the pyrite zone to the soil surface that influence which areas scald and which areas remain vegetated.
The charity said the cost of the valve - about pounds 60 plus plumbers' fees - was a small price to pay to prevent the trauma of a severe scald.
Foot scald commonly occurs during cold damp weather.