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see Shanghai Cooperation OrganizationShanghai Cooperation Organization
(SCO), association of Eurasian nations founded 2001 in Shanghai by China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. Under the charter signed in 2002, the member nations cooperate on security and military issues, especially with
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(The SCO Group, Inc., Lindon, UT, A vendor of Unix operating systems for the x86 platform. After SCO declared bankruptcy in 2007, UnXis was formed in 2011 to acquire all its assets and intellectual property.

The SCO Group was the combination of two companies: Utah-based Caldera, Inc. and Santa Cruz-based The Santa Cruz Operation.

Caldera was a software company founded in 1994 by Ransom Love and Bryan Sparks. Its primary products were the OpenLinux and DR-DOS operating systems (see DR-DOS). In 2001, Caldera acquired the products and people from The Santa Cruz Operation, widely known as SCO, and a year later changed the company name to The SCO Group.

The Santa Cruz Operation was founded in 1979 as a custom programming house. In 1984, it introduced SCO XENIX, its first operating system, which ran on the Apple Lisa, PC XT and the DEC Pro 350. It later developed only for the Intel platform, and more than two million licenses of its Unix client and server products were sold. In 1995, SCO purchased UnixWare and all the AT&T source code for Unix System V from Novell. It merged UnixWare and its OpenServer product into a single operating system, which was released in 1998 as SCO UnixWare 7. SCO had also offered Linux, but abandoned the line in the spring of 2003. See UnixWare and OpenServer.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Eventually, despite all the confrontational political scenario - the BJP's pre election campaign that inflamed the tensions in the region - the recent meeting of the Council of Foreign Ministers of the SCO member states witnessed Pakistan's role as a peace-loving state.
The Council focused on the implementation of the results of the SCO Heads of State Qingdao and the SCO Council of Heads of Government Dushanbe meetings held in 2018.
The Bishkek Summit of SCO took place at the most critical time of contemporary world.
He said the SCO states must synergize the various region-wide connectivity initiatives and work on complementing infrastructure connectivity with soft connectivity, including digital, cultural, touristic and academic.
He proposed setting up SCO Culture and Tourism Corridors, clustering multiple SCO destinations into a single package.
Imran emphasised on making the SCO more relevant to the daily lives of citizens by promoting food security and enhancing cooperation in health and humanitarian sectors.
On 23 September 2003, the meeting of the heads of government of the SCO countries in Beijing adopted the long-term program of multilateral economic cooperation until 2020.
Jointly organized by SCO Secretariat in Beijing and the current rotating president of the SCO Youth Council, Kyrgyzstan and aided by the SCO Countries Youth League (SCOLAR), the event saw hundreds of young leaders and volunteers from all the 18 SCO countries- eight members states, four observers and six dialogue partners - descending on the port city to put up a unified stand against the global menace.
It was also the first ever SCO meeting held in Pakistan since it became a member of the organisation in June 2017.
Iran has officially applied for membership in SCO while it is present in the organization as an observer state, Khaji noted.
During the moot, the legal experts will discuss terrorist threats being faced by the region and ways and means to enhance counter-terrorism cooperation between SCO member states.
India and Pakistan will become members of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) later on Friday if they accept all 28 basic SCO documents and if the heads of state of the current members approve of their admittance into the organization, SCO Secretary-General Dmitry Mezentsev said.