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In Indian architecture, the capital of a column or pillar.



(pen name of Amaiak Saakovich Voskanian). Born Feb. 2(15), 1902, in the city of Karaklis, Western Armenia. Soviet Armenian writer. Honored Cultural Worker of the Armenian SSR (1967). Member of the CPSU since 1924.

In 1915, Siras moved to Tbilisi, and in 1921, to Yerevan. He began publishing in 1922. In 1932 he graduated from the Communist Institute of Journalism. Siras wrote the novels Ask Them (1931; 2nd ed., 1954, entitled On the Eve; Russian translation, 1965), about Armenia on the eve of the Great October Socialist Revolution, and Unwritten Law (1936; 2nd ed., 1940, entitled Anait; Russian translation, 1949), about the life of an Armenian family. Siras’ novella Father and Son (1946) and novel Ararat (1950; Russian translation, 1956) deal with the Great Patriotic War of 1941–45. Siras’ works have been translated into many national languages of the USSR and into foreign languages. He has been awarded three orders and several medals.


Siras, Hm. Erkeri zhoghovatsu, vols. 1-4. Yerevan, 1958-61.
Hayreni ashkharh. Yerevan, 1974.
In Russian translation:
Devushka bez imeni: Rasskazy. Yerevan, 1968.


Istoriia armianskoi literatury. Moscow, 1966.
Nikitin, S. “Sila splochennosti (o romane ‘Ararat’).” Literaturnaia gazeta. May 9, 1957.
Hovsep’yan, G. “Nshanavor vipasane.” Grakan t’ert’, 1972, February 18.

L. G. MKRTCHIAN [23–1331–]

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The Brunello of Siro Pacenti is known for its elegance and for its great capacity for aging, improving considerably year after year.
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I expect a great San Siro. Our fans are always close to our team and during the game they will be the 12th man."
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AARON Ramsey has urged Arsenal to go for goals as they seek to maintain their 100 per cent record at the San Siro in tomorrow night's Champions League clash with AC Milan.
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Tottenham took a big step towards making it through to the Champions League quarter-finals when Crouch side-footed home his 80th-minute finish to give his team a vital 1-0 victory over the seven-time European champions at the San Siro.
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