Also found in: Acronyms.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(allies of Rome), after 338 B.C., communities in Italy subject to Rome.

Socii could not conduct an independent foreign policy, had to provide Rome with troops and materiel in wartime, and were obligated to cede part of their lands to Roman colonists. Apart from these obligations in common, socii differed in terms of self-government and rights enjoyed in Rome. Socii Latini nominis (Latin allies) were the most privileged. They enjoyed complete self-government and, at the same time, certain civil rights in Rome. Socii Latini nominis included the cities of Tibur and Praeneste and the Sabine and Volscian cities. Most of the Greek poleis in Italy were socii proper. Their residents had self-government but no rights in Rome. The dediticii were the lowest category of socii, having limited self-government and none of the rights of Roman citizenship. The dediticii included the former members of the Samnite Federation (seeSAMNITES) and, subsequently, Gauls.

The question of granting socii the rights of Roman citizenship was debated in Rome from the time of the Gracchi in the second half of the second century B.C.; however, the question was settled only by the Social War (War of the Allies). As Rome emerged as a Mediterranean power, the Romans came to grant, as a kind of privilege, the rights of socii to individual provincial subjects and entire communities. From the end of the second century A.D., the Roman emperors recruited barbarian tribes for military service and settled them in frontier regions with the status of foederati (federates).

Rome conferred the title socius et amicus populi Romani (ally and friend of the Roman people) on rulers of friendly vassal kingdoms, for example, King Masinissa of Numidia.


Maiak, I. L. Vzaimootnosheniia Rima i italiitsev v III-II vv. do n. e. Moscow, 1971.
Mommsen, T. Romisches Staatsrecht, vols. 1-3. Leipzig, 1876-87.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The maximum range of differences in the North component for station SOCH (from 22.6 to -5.9 mm), in the East component for station WROC (from 21.5 to -28.3 mm) and in the Up component for station SOCH (from 30.6 to -18.6 mm) were obtained respectively.
Agility is providing financial support to Soch Foundation to purchase vital medical equipments, medicines, renovate and add new health care facilities and programs to enhance the quality and accessibility of health care facilities to the underprivileged population of Karachi.
ABERSOCH is a fashionable place, taking its name from the river, the Afon Soch. Located on the east-facing south coast of the Llyn peninsula, with fine beaches and a sheltered harbour, this popular seaside resort has a somewhat sophisticated air.
For example, he says, 'Bailain, phool, qalam, kaghaz, deewar, parindey/ Mein hi kahan akela tujh ko soch raha hun'.
Soch, associate professor in the department of family and community medicine at the Texas A&M Health Science Center in Corpus Christi.
The Congress of Women of Kyrgyzstan launched HIV-infection prevention among migrant workers in Kyrgyzstan.Booklets, posters, cartoons will be published and distributed throughout 2010 in Bishkek and Osh cities.Seminars for seasonal migrant workers will be provided on HIV related issues.The Congress of Women plans to provide necessary equipment for 2 advisory centers in Bishkek and Soch, where migrant workers may seek consultations and other support.
Soch, who reported having no conflicts of interest.
When this occurs, nerve cells in the brain begin to die in a matter of minutes (SOCH, 2007).
Dennis Soch, fleet operations manager for Keebler Co.
In Indonesia, All New Lancer is sold in two types namely SEi 1.8L SOCH at a price of Rp 226.7 million off the road and GLXi 1.6 L SOCH at a price of Rp 190 million.
1300 schools have been provided with toilet facilities while as sanitary napkins and vending machines have also been installed at various schools under the "Nai Soch" programme."
They expressed their views in a seminar arranged by SOCH Chairman Muhammad Mehdi at a local hotel.