Samuel Rawson Gardiner

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Gardiner, Samuel Rawson


Born Mar. 4, 1829, in Ropley, Hampshire; died Feb. 23, 1902, in Sevenoaks, Kent. English historian, author of works on 17th-century English history.

A follower of L. Ranke, Gardiner created the concept of the 17th-century English revolution as a “Puritan revolution.” Negating the class character of the Civil War in England, he reduced it to a struggle of religious groupings. Gardiner’s concept, filled with hostility toward the democratic currents in the revolution, corresponded to the interests of the English bourgeoisie of the late 19th century.


History of England From the Accession of James I to the Outbreak of the Civil War, 1603-1642, vols. 1-10. London, 1883-84.
History of the Great Civil War (1642-1649), vols. 1-4. London, 1886-91.
History of the Commonwealth and Protectorate, 1649-1656, vols. London, 1903.
In Russian translation:
Puritane i Stiuarty, 1606-1660. St. Petersburg, 1896.