Stan


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Stan

 

(1) In Rus’ from the 11th to 17th centuries, a military camp, usually situated on high ground and protected by carts (kolymagi), a palisade (tyn), and, more rarely, a ditch and earthworks.

(2) A place for long stopovers during trips or journeys. This type of stan (stanovishche) was known in Rus’ from the 11th century. It was the precursor of the relay station for coach horses (iamskoi stan) and the postal service (pochtovyistan).

(3) A place where feudal officials levied tribute and held court over the local population. Originally, representatives of feudal authority came to the stan periodically, when it was time for the population to pay taxes. In the 14th and 15th centuries, stan also came to mean the land under the jurisdiction of these representatives of princely authority, and the stan was thenceforth a territorial-administrative unit as well. From the late 15th century, the stan was part of an uezd (district). In the 16th and 17th centuries, the stany were formed in the newly established frontier districts of the Russian state, such as Simbirsk and Tambov districts. The stan persisted as a territorial unit in Russia until the early 20th century.

(4) From 1837, a police territorial unit in an uezd; there were usually two stany in each uezd (see).

References in periodicals archive ?
The Shaws and the Jeffersons were fairly close, it seems, and it's believed that one of Stan's brothers, Teddy, lived with the Shaw family in Batley Carr and Crackenedge in Dewsbury for a time.
You may be gone but each time we open the pages of a Marvel Comic book and watch a Marvel movie, we will fondly remember and think of you, Stan Lee.
7 THE Amazing Spider-Man in 2012 saw Spider-Man battling with the Lizard in the background while an oblivious Stan can be seen in a library listening to classical music on his headphones completely unaware of the action behind him.
According to HT, Stan Lee fans will get a chance to see him on screen as he is said to have shot his appearances in the upcoming Spider-Man: Into the Spider-Verse, Wreck It Ralph 2: Ralph Breaks the Internet, Avengers 4 and Captain Marvel.
"Stan Lee's imagination helped spawn a universe of characters that inspired both kids and adults around the world for generations.
Stan gave Charlie a helping hand by getting him a part in his first Laurel and Hardy movie, Love 'Em and Weep in 1927.
Another part of Stan's success has been its strategic selection of overseas imports.
He said: "Our thoughts at this time are with Stan's family and friends.
Stan was thrown forward, Tony fell to the floor, and the passengers screamed.