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(both: sä`rĕmä), Swed. Ösel, Rus. Ezel, 1,048 sq mi (2,714 sq km), island off the mainland of Estonia, in the Baltic Sea, across the mouth of the Gulf of Riga. It is irregular in shape and has a level terrain. Dairy farming, stock raising, and fishing are the chief occupations. Kuressaare is the main town and port. It is also a health resort and a popular tourist destination. The island was ruled by the Livonian Knights until 1560, when it passed to Denmark, which in turn ceded (1645) it to Sweden. Saaremaa passed to Russia in 1710 and was incorporated into newly independent Estonia in 1917. It is also called Saare.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also Saare, Sarema, Ezel’), the largest island in the Moonsund (West Estonian) Archipelago, in the Baltic Sea; part of the Estonian SSR. Linked by a causeway with Muhu Island. Area, 2,714 sq km.

The island is mainly a limestone structure, covered in places by glacial and marine deposits. Its low-lying surface, rising to an elevation of 54 m, is marshy in places. The soil, formed from carbonaceous, wind-eroded rocks, is poor and gravelly. There are pine forests and infrequent thickets of juniper. Many sea-fowl nest along the shore. There is commercial fishing for Baltic herring, eels, and flatfish. There are deposits of limestones and dolomites (at Karma). The principal city is Kingissepa. On the western part of the island is the Viidumäe Preserve. Northwest of Kingissepa, in Kaali, there is a game preserve with meteorite craters.

During the Great Patriotic War (1941–45), the island was seized by fascist German forces during September and October 1941 (seeMOONSUND DEFENSIVE OPERATION OF 1941). As a result of the Moonsund Operation of October-November 1944, the island was liberated by troops of the Leningrad Front and naval forces of the Red Banner Baltic Fleet. In Tekhumardi there is a monument entitled To the Defenders and Liberators of Saaremaa (1967, architect A. Murdmaa, sculptors M. Varik and R. Kuld).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Uma forte contestacao a este posicionamento foi paralelamente surgindo dentro da propria teoria feminista e dos seus movimentos de intervencao social e politica, especialmente a partir dos anos noventa, com a entrada numa terceira vaga do feminismo, nao so mais atenta a pluralidade das identidades e das sexualidades--em larga medida enfatizada pelo legado recente da teoria queer, tao ideologicamente "heretica" do ponto de vista politico e cientifico--, mas tambem aos perigos evidentes da censura e dos seus atos de normalizacao normativa (Paasonen, Nikunen, & Saarenmaa, 2007, p.
Saarenmaa (Eds.), Pornification: Sex and sexuality in media culture (pp.
(29.) Takala EP, Viikari-Juntara E, Moneta G, Saarenmaa K, Kaivanto K (1991).
Kuresaare is the main town on the Estonian island of Saarenmaa. The flight would take only 55 minutes from Finland, as compared to up to seven hours by ferry and road, reported the Norwegian online aviation news service
Some studies combine such perspectives with a focus on magazine journalism--such as the work of Finnish scholar Laura Saarenmaa on portrait interviews with female top politicians (2011) and the transformation of the public sphere as expressed in magazine journalism (2010).