At least six kingdoms developed here from the 12th century BC onwards, based in Ma'in, Qataban, Hadramaut, Ausan, Saba and Himyar, the most prominent was the Sabaean kingdom
, which lasted for 11 centuries and was one of the most important in the Near East.
It collapsed in the 6th century CE--the resulting flood is thought to have put an end to the Sabaean kingdom
in Southern Arabia, easing the way for the rise of Mohammed's forces in 632 CE--but until recently, visitors could still view its structure, including its two monumental sluices.
Mentioned in the Hebrew Bible, the New Testament, and the Qur'an, but only recently excavated, new information grows daily about Sheba and this temple city of the Sabaean kingdom
, home of the legendary Queen, who was very influential, wealthy and famous during her rein, some 3000 years ago.
The Sabaean kingdom
flourished between 1400 and 900 B.C.
but became a powerful state only in the first century c.e., when it defeated the more famous Sabaean kingdom