Sabal


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Sabal

 

(palmetto palm), a genus of plants of the family Pal-mae. The trunks reach a height of 30 m and a thickness of 60 cm; in some species the trunks are greatly shortened. At first the trunks grow underground in a direction away from the soil surface; they then change direction and emerge at the surface. The leaves have a fan-shaped blade with a somewhat elongate axis. The panicled inflorescences reach a length of 2.75 m and have bisexual, trimerous flowers. The fruit is a one-seeded berry.

There are about 25 species, distributed in the southeastern United States (Virginia and Florida), on the Caribbean islands, in Central America, and in South America (Colombia and Venezuela). Palmetto palms grow mainly on moist sandy soils and solonchaks along seas, rivers, and other bodies of water. The wood of tall-trunked species serves as a strong, nonrotting building material for underwater and other structures. The leaf fiber is used in the manufacture of coarse fabrics and mats; the coarse fiber from the petioles and sheaths is used to make brushes. The young, unopened leaves are used as food. Some species of palmetto palm are cultivated as ornamentals. In the USSR the tall-trunked common palmetto (S. palmetto) and the short-stemmed bush palmetto (S. minor, or S. adansonii) are grown on the Black Sea coasts of the Crimea and the Caucasus.

References in periodicals archive ?
Sabal Business Center Five, 3922 Coconut Palm Drive
Sabal minor currently is listed by the Oklahoma Natural Heritage Inventory as S1, critically imperiled, within the state.
Because of the gravity of the disease and the significance of the sabal of Florida, the University of Florida has given researchers a grant to find which bugs are spreading the disease in the hope of stopping it.
One double-blind trial compared an urtica and sabal formulation with finasteride in 516 patients with stage I or II BPH.
Abstract: This paper describes the leaf anatomy of Sabal mauritiiformis (Karst.
The combination of sabal and urtica extract shows clear advantages regarding the patients' 'subjective' apperception and evaluation of LUTS as compared to placebo according to the I-PSS.
To describe the development and persistence of relict stands in the face of sea-level rise, we estimated the age structures of non-regenerating Sabal palmetto stands, comparing estimated ages of the youngest plants in each stand to reconstructed histories of tidal flooding in those stands and current relationships between regeneration success and tidal flooding.
This 172-acre preserve, managed by the National Audubon Society, protects a remnant forest of native Sabal palms (S.
Texas sabal palms (Sabal texana) bloomed and began producing fruit in June.
Sabal had denied he was into illegal drugs before he hid.
Sabal Trail Transmission, a joint venture of Spectra Energy Corp.
Managing Director Chad Coluccio, Director Alex Draganiuk, and Analyst Eugene Shevaldin arranged the floating-rate loan on behalf of Sabal Financial Group, L.