Sabbatai Zevi


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Sabbatai Zevi

(säbätī` zā`vē), 1626–76, Jewish mystic and pseudo-Messiah, founder of the Sabbatean sect, b. Smyrna. After a period of study of Lurianic kabbalah (see Luria, Isaac ben SolomonLuria or Loria, Isaac ben Solomon
, 1534–72, Jewish kabbalist, surnamed Ashkenazi, called Ari [lion] by his followers, b. Jerusalem. In his 20s he spent seven years in seclusion, intensely studying the kabbalah.
..... Click the link for more information.
), he became deeply influenced by its ideas of imminent national redemption. In 1648 he proclaimed himself the Messiah, named the year 1666 as the millennium, and gathered a host of followers. In 1666 he attempted to land in Constantinople, was captured, and to escape death embraced Islam. Nevertheless, the influence of the Sabbatean movement survived for many years; it had secret adherents in the 18th cent. and was revived under Jacob FrankFrank, Jacob,
c.1726–1791, Polish Jewish sectarian and adventurer, b. Podolia as Jacob Ben Judah Leib. He founded the Frankists, a heretical Jewish sect that was an anti-Talmudic outgrowth of the mysticism of the false Messiah Sabbatai Zevi.
..... Click the link for more information.
. The name is also spelled Shabbatai Zvi.

Bibliography

See G. G. Scholem, Major Trends in Jewish Mysticism (3d rev. ed. 1954, repr. 1967), The Messianic Ideas in Judaism (tr. 1971), and Sabbatai Sevi, the Mystical Messiah (tr. 1973).

Sabbatai Zevi

false messiah, head of Kabbalic movement in mid-1600s. [Jew. Hist.: Wigoder, 544]
References in periodicals archive ?
Even as Jewish prohibitions against idolatry cause the painter Elias Ambrosius, who studies under Rembrandt, to face excommunication and exile, the much more heretical and dangerous Sabbatai Zevi roams the Middle East with fervent and ever-increasing support for his messianic claims.
Notable failed end of the world predictions has come from Pope Innocent III, who predicted that the world would end in 1284, 666 years after the founding of Islam; Sabbatai Zevi, who claimed to be the Messiah and used the Kabbalah to predict the Earth's demise in 1648; and of course, the Mayan apocalypse theory that claimed the world would end on December 21, 2012.
Only when Sabbatai Zevi explicitly opened prophecy and divine inspiration to women as well as men, and when Sabbatianism and Frankism explicitly revalued the importance of the physical body and materiality, could women become full participants in Jewish mysticism, and only in heretical forms of Jewish mysticism, at that.
En particular, se explica que por esa via entro el sabatianismo, un movimiento mesianico inspirado en las interpretaciones cabalisticas de Sabbatai Zevi que consiguio mucho apoyo (y, a la vez, mucho resentimiento) entre los judios mediterraneos y europeos.
Second, the internalizing of the messianic event is represented by Hasidism after the failure of Sabbatai Zevi, who notably converted to Islam at the threat of death.
WOMEN AND THE MESSIANIC HERESY OF SABBATAI ZEVI 1666-1816, by Ada Rapoport-Albert, translated by Deborah Greniman.
El rabino Sabbatai Zevi, usando la kabbalah, calcula la llegada del Mesias encarnado en si mismo.
Un ensayo de Scholem de finales de los cincuenta, en el que se vinculaba a Pablo con el antinomismo de Sabbatai Zevi, le permitio mostrar, contra Scholem, la dimension revolucionaria del mesianismo que une a ambos.
La lista de estos falsarios se extiende a lo largo de los siglos hasta llegar a periodos historicos proximos al nuestro, y de ella aun son recordadas figuras como la de Sabbatai Zevi (1626-1676) en el siglo diecisiete.
Cada vez que en la tradicion judia ha surgido uno que reune el decir del profeta con su realizacion en el (pienso en Simon Bar Kochba, que en el ano 132 llevo a cabo la gran revuelta judia contra el imperio romano que concluyo en la terrible masacre de las huestes de Tito y en la diaspora judia, o en Sabbatai Zevi, el meMas del siglo XVII que termino, despues de manipular y explotar a miles de seguidores, por convertirse al Islam, o en aquellos que creen que el Mesias es el Estado de Israel) ha terminado en el horror, la decepcion o el fracaso.
Klinghoffer relates a number of well known "Messiahs" who almost succeeded from Simon Bar Kocbbah to Sabbatai Zevi.
6) But the episode of the rise, recognition and apostasy of the "false messiah" Sabbatai Zevi, the repercussions of which were immense in the 17th century in Jewish communities as well as in the Christian world, confirmed this idea in spectacular fashion.