Sabellius


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Sabellius,

fl. 215, Christian priest and theologian, b. probably Libya or Egypt. He went to Rome, became the leader of those who accepted the doctrine of modalistic monarchianismmonarchianism
[Gr.,=belief in the rule of one], the concept of God that maintains his sole authority even over Christ and the Holy Spirit. Its characteristic tenet, that God the Father and Jesus are one person, was developed in two forms in early Christianity.
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, and was excommunicated by Pope St. Calixtus I in 220. Opposing the orthodox teaching of "essential Trinity," Sabellius advanced the doctrine of the "economic Trinity." God, he held, was one indivisible substance, but with three fundamental activities, or modes, appearing successively as the Father (the creator and lawgiver), as the Son (the redeemer), and as the Holy Spirit (the maker of life and the divine presence within men). The term Sabellianism later was used to include all sorts of speculative ideas that had become attached to the original ideas of Sabellius and his followers. In the East, all monarchians came to be labeled Sabellians.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is a polytheism because they missed the early opportunity to recognize their Christology in terms of a modal rather than a personalistic trinity (Sabellius, 220 CE).
The ancient heresy of Sabellius was a form of modalism that denied the Trinity, affirming instead that God had shown three different faces during the course of human history.
6, 7, 8, 9 and 10) (Taja 275; Frey 360, 882), (19) the lunette decoration depicts Saint Thomas Aquinas (1225-74) with the heretics Quintus Arius (256-336), (20) Averroes (Abu-al-Walid Muhammad ibn Abroad ibn Rushd, 1126-98), (21) and Sabellius (active 215-60).
Modalists (note Sabellius) were strong monotheists who believed God was one person who could he seen by believers in three different ways or modes: Father, Son and Holy Spirit.
Ambrose thus applies the command against divorce in Luke 16:18 to signify the inviolable union between the believer and the Church: "Therefore, let not him whom God has drawn to the Son be separated by persecution, nor distracted by extravagance, nor ravaged by philosophy, nor tainted by Manichaeus, nor perverted by Arius, nor infected by Sabellius." Ambrose then summarizes his argument: "God has joined, let not a Jew separate.
In a footnote Shutte adds: "The shift from Prince to King is consistent with the handling of the paternity theme throughout Ulysses" for Stephen in the Library episode features the heresy of Sabellius who "held that the Father was Himself His Own Son."
8: 5, which sounds like Sabellius, rather than Callistus, for it refers to Father, Son, and Holy Spirit being improperly united.
Tertullian wrote a treatise Against Praxeas,(12) and Victor condemned the errors of Sabellius.(13) Ms.
For Joyce, who, like Stephen Dedalus, read the Summa Contra Gentiles in the original, reference to the arguments of the early Church heresiarchs Photius, Arius, Valentine, and Sabellius was a plausible way to begin seeking some answers.
Vinzent opens with a brief chapter on the history of research on CAIV in its three phases: the first to the mid-nineteenth century, when the work was still accepted as by Athanasius and directed against Arians, Sabellius, and Paul of Samosata; the second covering the second half of the nineteenth century, when the primary target was identified not as the Arians but as Marcellus and his pupil Photinus (Newman's suggestion); and the third to the present, classifying the work as Pseudo-Athanasian and seeking to identify its author.
(56) It is impossible to know whether Sabellius himself, in the first half of the third century, had already made technical use of this term.
The last part of the book returns to the theme of the unity and unicity of God, beginning in the seventh essay with short treatments of Clement of Rome and Hermas, Theodotus and Artemon, Cleomenes and Sabellius, Callistus and his foe (the author of the Refutation of All Heresies, whom Simonetti cautiously describes merely as `a Roman author who worked at the time of Callistus and later'), Novatian, and Dionysius of Rome.