Sabratha


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sabratha

 

an ancient city in Libya, on the Mediterranean Sea, west of the city of Tripoli. Founded by the Phoenicians in the first half of the first millennium B.C.

One of the most important centers of trade with Italy, Sabra-tha flourished during the period of Roman domination (for the most part, during the first few centuries A.D.). In the fifth century A.D. the city was captured by the Vandals, and during the sixth century it fell under the power of Byzantium. The city was destroyed by the Arabs in the seventh century. Excavations of Sabratha began in 1923.

The early core of the city, with its irregular street layout, is located near the port area. Situated to the south, west, and east are structures dating from Roman and Byzantine times, including the remnants of a forum and the Byzantine Basilica of Justinian (sixth century), with its mosaic floor (now in the Sabratha Archaeological Museum). The regularly laid out quarters are located to the southeast; adjoining them to the south is a large theater (dating from the end of the second to the beginning of the third centuries), which is ornamented with sculpture. Thermal baths, richly decorated with mosaics and sculpture, have also been discovered.

REFERENCES

Haynes, D. E. L. An Archaeological and Historical Guide to the Pre-Islamic Antiquities of Tripolitania. Tripoli [1956]. Pages 107–34.
Caputo, G. Il teatro di Sabratha. Rome, 1959.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
TUNIS (TAP) - The US dawn air strike which hit Friday a Daech training camp near the city of Sabratha, Libya, is a "limited operation," the Foreign Ministry Friday said in a press release.
TUNIS- (TAP)- A dawn air strike that targeted Friday two houses in Sabratha, Libya, killed and injured many Tunisian nationals, said human rights activist and expert in Libyan affairs Mustapha Abdelkabir.
MEDENINE (TAP) - The flow of passengers in Ras Jedir border crossing continued at a normal pace after the air strike conducted, on Friday at dawn, in Sabratha, Libya, a security source said.
But since July 2017, smuggling networks inside Libya have been disrupted under an Italian-backed deal with local authorities in a former smuggling hub of Sabratha town in western Libya.
"UNHCR, with our partner Libaid and other local organisations, has also delivered blankets, sleeping mats, solar lamps, kitchen sets, buckets and other key relief items to some 6,200 displaced people sheltering in collective shelters and urban areas in Tripoli, Azzawya, Sabratha, Garabulli and Misrata." However, the extremely volatile security situation means access for UNHCR and other humanitarian organisations to some areas remains severely restricted.
UNHCR, with its partner Libaid and other local organisations, has also delivered blankets, sleeping mats, solar lamps, kitchen sets, buckets and other key relief items to some 6,200 displaced people sheltering in collective shelters and urban areas in Tripoli, Azzawya, Sabratha, Garabulli and Misrata.
READ:DFA calls on Filipinos in Libya to consider repatriation amid clashes The coverage of the raised alert levelincludes Tajoura, Ghot Romman, Qaraboli and Qasr Khiyar in the east Esbea, Tarhuna, Bani Waled and Gharyan in the south Aziziya, Warshifana, Zawia, Surman and Sabratha in the west.
These are Tajoura, Ghot Romman, Qaraboli and Qasr Khiyar to the east of the capital; Esbea, Tarhuna, Bani Walid and Gharyan to the south; and Aziziya, Warshifana, Zawia, Surman and Sabratha to the west.