Saxon Mirror

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Saxon Mirror


(German Sachsenspiegel), a collection of medieval German law, compiled in the years 1221–25 by the lay judge (Schöffe) Eike von Repgau.

The Saxon Mirror was an unofficial record of the feudal customs of eastern Saxony. However, it also reflected the class system in all of feudal Germany and the commercial and monetary relations developing in this period. The Saxon Mirror consisted of two parts. The first—the “land law” (Land-recht)—contained separate statutes on the state structure of Germany, such as elections of the emperor and the separation of secular and ecclesiastical authority. It also contained norms on civil and criminal law, the courts, and trials. The second part—the “feudal law” (Lehnrecht)—was devoted to the relationship between lord and vassal.

The Saxon Mirror served as a model for subsequent private compilations of German law, such as the German Mirror and the Swabian Mirror. It was used in compiling collections of laws and in the judicial practice of a number of lands and cities of northern and eastern Germany—for example, in Magdeburg law and the Görlitz Law Code. The Saxon Mirror was used in Thuringia until the end of the 19th century.

References in periodicals archive ?
He begins by tracing legal theories of ownership back to Justinian's Corpus Iuris Civils, then on through the Middle Ages with examples from canon law, the Decretum Gratiani, and the schoolmen, comparing these with early Germanic Codes, such as the Sachsenspiegel (referred to as "the first written code of Germanic law" [19]) and later imperial law reform.
A closer parallel to Chapter 176 of Rothari's Edict appeared more than 400 years later in the North German code of customary law called the Sachsenspiegel (Mirror of the Saxons).
Like the Sachsenspiegel, Henry of Bracton mentioned that common law tradition allowed lepers to retain control of property that they had owned when they had fallen ill.
Rothari's Edict, Carolingian legislation, the Sachsenspiegel, and Henry of Bracton's commentary on English Common Law either exclude lepers from society and/or impose severe restrictions on their legal rights.
to the well-known Sachsenspiegel code, Elke von Repkow reminded his
An interesting hypothesis, that if the central light of the east window of the Lady Chapel was occupied by Eve below the Virgin and Child, then the well-preserved serpent must have faced Adam, could be supported from the frontispiece to the fourteenth-century German Sachsenspiegel manuscripts (p.
This translation of the Sachsenspiegel of Eike of Repgow (c.
Die Wirkungen der Kaiserweihe nach dem Sachsenspiegel.
Anna Rugerin of Augsburg was the first woman to sign her name in a colophon -- in the Sachsenspiegel and Formulare und Teusch rhetorica, both published in 1484.
who only indirectly addressed this area), but in the glosses on the Sachsenspiegel, he notes that these show the influx of learned common law.
Literature is covered by five contributions: on literature from the Welf court dealing with Charles the Great, on literature at the court of Henry the Lion and in the circle of Otto IV, on Gervase of Tilbury and his possible connection with the Ebstorf mappa mundi, and on the association of the Welfs with the Sachsenspiegel.
Dagmar Hupper concerns herself with the codices picturati of the Sachsenspiegel and outlines the various functions performed by the illustrations, while nowhere losing sight of the fact that codified law existed side by side with orally transmitted law.