Saxon Mirror

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Saxon Mirror


(German Sachsenspiegel), a collection of medieval German law, compiled in the years 1221–25 by the lay judge (Schöffe) Eike von Repgau.

The Saxon Mirror was an unofficial record of the feudal customs of eastern Saxony. However, it also reflected the class system in all of feudal Germany and the commercial and monetary relations developing in this period. The Saxon Mirror consisted of two parts. The first—the “land law” (Land-recht)—contained separate statutes on the state structure of Germany, such as elections of the emperor and the separation of secular and ecclesiastical authority. It also contained norms on civil and criminal law, the courts, and trials. The second part—the “feudal law” (Lehnrecht)—was devoted to the relationship between lord and vassal.

The Saxon Mirror served as a model for subsequent private compilations of German law, such as the German Mirror and the Swabian Mirror. It was used in compiling collections of laws and in the judicial practice of a number of lands and cities of northern and eastern Germany—for example, in Magdeburg law and the Görlitz Law Code. The Saxon Mirror was used in Thuringia until the end of the 19th century.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The so-called Sachsenspiegel, (11) a code of laws written by Eike von Repgow between 1220 and 1235 in what is now Northern Germany stated that everything lying in the earth deeper than the plough reaches belongs to the king.
Douce 185), from hand to hand: transfers of liturgical books in the diocese of Cambrai during the later middle ages, and an early 18th-century attempt to publish a facsimile of two Sachsenspiegel manuscripts.
Among the best known of them are Philippe de Beaumanoir's Customs of the Beauvaisis in France, the Siete Partidas in Castile, the Sachsenspiegel in Germany, the Usatges of Barcelona from Catalonia, and the laws of King Magnus Ladulas in Sweden.
De todas estas obras, solamente tres rompian aparentemente la recurrencia tematica especular: el speculum naturale, doctrinale e historiale de Vicente de Beauvais; el Sachsenspiegel de Eike von Repgow y el Speculum regum de Godofredo Viterbo.
"IM Jenny Grollmann: Irrtum oder Wahrheit?" Sachsenspiegel 20 June 2008.
It is true that cgm 267 contains several historiographical works instead of the legal Sachsenspiegel, the more familiar manuscript partner of the Prosakaiserchronik, but the linguistic form of the extract is also different.
He begins by tracing legal theories of ownership back to Justinian's Corpus Iuris Civils, then on through the Middle Ages with examples from canon law, the Decretum Gratiani, and the schoolmen, comparing these with early Germanic Codes, such as the Sachsenspiegel (referred to as "the first written code of Germanic law" [19]) and later imperial law reform.
A closer parallel to Chapter 176 of Rothari's Edict appeared more than 400 years later in the North German code of customary law called the Sachsenspiegel (Mirror of the Saxons).
to the well-known Sachsenspiegel code, Elke von Repkow reminded his