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Sacramento, city, United States
Sacramento (săkrəmĕnˈtō), city (1990 pop. 369,365), state capital and seat of Sacramento co., central Calif., on the Sacramento River at its confluence with the American River; settled 1839, inc. 1850. A deepwater port via a 43-mi (69-km) channel to Suisun Bay (opened 1963), it is the shipping, rail, processing, and marketing center for the fertile Sacramento valley, where fruit, vegetables, grains, sugar beets, and dairy goods are produced. Cattle and poultry are raised, and food processing is a major industry. Aerospace and computer and electronics industries contribute greatly to the city's economy. Other manufacturing includes printing and publishing, glass, wood products, and building materials. Government is a major employer.
Sacramento is the seat of California State Univ. Sacramento, and has a professional basketball team, the Kings. Points of interest include the state capitol (in a beautiful park), the former governor's mansion (occupied 1903–68; now a museum), Sutter's Fort, the Crocker Art Museum, and the Golden State Museum. The city is known for its camellias; a camellia festival is held annually along with the California State Fair and Exposition.
Sacramento lies on part of a Mexican land grant that belonged to John A. Sutter, who in 1839 began a settlement called New Helvetia and in 1840 built a fort. The discovery of gold in 1848 at nearby Sutter's Mill (now Coloma) led to the platting of the town, and its population soon reached 10,000. Sacramento was made the state capital in 1854. The city annexed adjacent North Sacramento in 1965. In the late 20th cent. Sacramento was one of the fastest-growing U.S. cities.
Sacramento, river, United States
a city in the western USA and capital of California. Population, 264,000 (1974; including suburbs, 870,000). Sacramento is a port on the Sacramento River and a railroad and highway junction. As of 1973, industry employed 23,000. Sacramento is a center for the manufacture of rocket motors and propellant. There is also food industry (primarily fruit canning) and metalworking industry.
a river in the western part of the United States. It is approximately 640 km long and drains an area of approximately 70,000 sq km. It originates on the slopes of the Trinity Mountains, drains the northern part of California’s Central Valley, and empties into San Francisco Bay, merging at the bay’s entrance with the San Joaquin River. There are freshets in winter; high water occurs in spring and summer. The river’s mean flow rate at the city of Sacramento is approximately 650 cu m per sec. A major reservoir—Shasta Lake—and a hydroelectric power plant are located on the river. The Sacramento is used for irrigation. It is navigable for a distance of 288 km from the mouth.