Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
Sacramento(săkrəmĕn`tō), city (1990 pop. 369,365), state capital and seat of Sacramento co., central Calif., on the Sacramento River at its confluence with the American River; settled 1839, inc. 1850. A deepwater port via a 43-mi (69-km) channel to Suisun Bay (opened 1963), it is the shipping, rail, processing, and marketing center for the fertile Sacramento valley, where fruit, vegetables, grains, sugar beets, and dairy goods are produced. Cattle and poultry are raised, and food processing is a major industry. Aerospace and computer and electronics industries contribute greatly to the city's economy. Other manufacturing includes printing and publishing, glass, wood products, and building materials. Government is a major employer.
Sacramento is the seat of California State Univ. Sacramento, and has a professional basketball team, the Kings. Points of interest include the state capitol (in a beautiful park), the former governor's mansion (occupied 1903–68; now a museum), Sutter's Fort, the Crocker Art Museum, and the Golden State Museum. The city is known for its camellias; a camellia festival is held annually along with the California State Fair and Exposition.
Sacramento lies on part of a Mexican land grant that belonged to John A. SutterSutter, John Augustus,
1803–80, American pioneer, b. Kandern, Baden, of Swiss parents. His original name was Johann August Suter. He emigrated to the United States in 1834, went to St. Louis, then to Santa Fe.
..... Click the link for more information. , who in 1839 began a settlement called New Helvetia and in 1840 built a fort. The discovery of gold in 1848 at nearby Sutter's Mill (now Coloma) led to the platting of the town, and its population soon reached 10,000. Sacramento was made the state capital in 1854. The city annexed adjacent North Sacramento in 1965. In the late 20th cent. Sacramento was one of the fastest-growing U.S. cities.
Sacramento,longest river of Calif., c.380 mi (610 km) long, rising near Mt. Shasta, N Calif., and flowing generally SW to Suisun Bay, an arm of San Francisco Bay, where it forms a large delta with the San Joaquin River. Its chief tributaries are the Pit, Feather, McCloud, and American rivers. At high water the river is navigable by small steamers c.260 mi (420 km) to Red Bluff. The valley saw the great gold strike of 1848, and many of the cities on or near the river and its tributaries sprang up in the gold rush; Sacramento is the largest. This northern part of the Central ValleyCentral Valley,
great trough of central Calif., c.450 mi (720 km) long and c.50 mi (80 km) wide, between the Sierra Nevada and the Coast Ranges. The Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers drain much of the valley before converging in a huge delta and flowing into San Francisco Bay;
..... Click the link for more information. of California, known as the Sacramento Valley, has been developed as a fertile agricultural region. The Central Valley projectCentral Valley project,
central Calif., long-term general scheme for the utilization of the water of the Sacramento River basin in the north for the benefit of the farmlands of the San Joaquin Valley in the south, undertaken by the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation in 1935.
..... Click the link for more information. was developed to use the waters of the Sacramento with greater efficiency, particularly in the fertile but dry southern part of the Central Valley, known as the San Joaquin Valley. Shasta Dam and Keswick Dam on the Sacramento are major units of the project; they also generate electricity.
a city in the western USA and capital of California. Population, 264,000 (1974; including suburbs, 870,000). Sacramento is a port on the Sacramento River and a railroad and highway junction. As of 1973, industry employed 23,000. Sacramento is a center for the manufacture of rocket motors and propellant. There is also food industry (primarily fruit canning) and metalworking industry.
a river in the western part of the United States. It is approximately 640 km long and drains an area of approximately 70,000 sq km. It originates on the slopes of the Trinity Mountains, drains the northern part of California’s Central Valley, and empties into San Francisco Bay, merging at the bay’s entrance with the San Joaquin River. There are freshets in winter; high water occurs in spring and summer. The river’s mean flow rate at the city of Sacramento is approximately 650 cu m per sec. A major reservoir—Shasta Lake—and a hydroelectric power plant are located on the river. The Sacramento is used for irrigation. It is navigable for a distance of 288 km from the mouth.