Sadao Araki

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Araki, Sadao


Born May 26, 1877; died Nov. 2, 1966. Japanese military and political figure; a general from 1933. Headed the grouping of the “young officers,” which was tied in with the concerns of Kukhara, Nakajima, and others.

Araki was war minister from 1931 to 1934, and from 1938 to 1939 he was minister of education. He was one of the chief leaders and ideologists of Japanese imperialist aggression and the imposition of fascism on the country from the 1920’s to the 1940’s. In 1948 he was sentenced by the International Military Tribunal to life imprisonment. He was released in 1955 because of the state of his health.

References in periodicals archive ?
Besides Kido, the 10 convicts include former Finance Minister Okinori Kaya, former Ambassador to Germany Hiroshi Oshima, and former Army Minister Sadao Araki. The other six died while they were serving time in prison or on parole.
Petersburg (Leningrad) as assistant military attache (1906-1908); traveled widely in Siberia during the early stages of Japanese intervention there, going as far west as Omsk and Irkutsk (1918-1920); promoted to lieutenant general (1920); commander of the 3d Division (1921-1922); vice chief of the Army General Staff (1922-1925); commanded the Kwantung (Guangdong) Army (1926-1927); served as inspector general of military education (1927-1932); much admired by Sadao Araki, he gained considerable prestige when Araki became Army Minister in the aftermath of the Mukden (Shenyang) incident (1931); again commander of the Kwantung Army and governor of the Kwantung Leased Territory (1932-1933); died while on active duty in that post (1933), and was posthumously made a baron.
Sadao Araki, former war minister, and ''now a power behind Premier Tojo,'' as one of the current exponents of the ''Muslim Policy.'' Gen.