Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.


(săj`o͝osēz, săd`yo͝o–), sect of Jews formed around the time of the Hasmonean revolt (c.200 B.C.). Little is known concerning their beliefs, but according to Josephus Flavius, they upheld only the authority of the written law, and not the oral tradition held by the Pharisees. They are believed to have had a small following, drawn primarily from the upper classes. Eventually, they reached an accommodation with the Pharisees, which allowed them to serve as priests in exchange for acceptance of Pharasitical rulings regarding the law. Their sect was centered on the cult of the Temple, and they ceased to exist after its destruction in A.D. 70.


See bibliography under PhariseesPharisees
, one of the two great Jewish religious and political parties of the second commonwealth. Their opponents were the Sadducees, and it appears that the Sadducees gave them their name, perushim, Hebrew for "separatists" or "deviants.
..... Click the link for more information.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(in Greek, Saddukaioi; in Hebrew, tsedoqim, from Tzadoq [Zadok], a high priest in the tenth century B.C.), a religious and political current in Judea from the second century B.C. through the first century A.D.; it drew its support from the higher officialdom, rich merchants, and the priestly, landhold-ing, and military aristocracy.

The Sadducees captured the commanding positions in the temple hierarchy and in political life and became the political basis of the Hasmonean dynasty. They sharply diverged from the Pharisees on questions of dogma, rejecting the Oral Law elaborated by the Pharisees and not permitting any deviation from the letter of the Mosaic Written Law. Contrary to the Pharisees’ teaching about a transcendental god, the Sadducees had anthropomorphic conceptions of him and rejected the doctrines of predestination, physical resurrection, and the immortality of the soul. They taught that god did not interfere in human affairs and that man had a free will and could freely choose between good and evil. After the attacks launched by Herod I, the war against Rome of 66–73, and the destruction of the Temple in A.D. 70, the Sadducees disappeared from the historical scene.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Karaites consider their thought to be a continuation of Sadducee doctrine, and the Quranites trace their origins tothe period of the second caliph in the first century of the Hijra.
Moreover, Acts shows that the Pharisees were defending one of their own-Paul-, from the attacks of the Sadducees. Josephus in Ant XX also relates the Pharisees' complaint about the death of James the brother of Jesus, mentioning that the "men of Jerusalem"--"that is the Pharisaic Sages" --considered him to be a "just man."
The Sadducees and the Pharisees in Jerusalem, the Essenes in the desert, and who knows what else ...
What if a spirit or an angel has spoken to him?" When the dissension [most likely between Sadducees and Pharisees] became violent, the tribune, fearing that they would tear Paul to pieces, ordered the soldiers to go down, take him by force, and bring him into the barracks.
Against such teachings stand the Sadducees, who declare themselves to be "the subtle freethinkers of Palestine[.] / ...
The Second Soldier's speech that "[t]he Pharisees, for instance, say that there are angels, and the Sadducees declare that angels do not exist" (583) offers a simplified caricature of the Jews, which is repeated later in their dialogue:
He alleged that both the Sadducees and Pharisees were misguided and the Samaritans got off track, too.
His topics include the yeast of the Sadducees, corruption of morals and art, Roman Catholicism and the Council of Trent, and the blood of Christ.
Did He forget the Scribes and Pharisees, High Priests and Sadducees who prided themselves on their knowledge of the Scriptures, and who engineered the sentence of death?
Between History and Town-planning: Danitis, Maccabees, Sadducees, Medicis, Suricis, Christians and Marranos in Terra di Lavoro during the Middle Ages, Theoretical and Empirical Researches in Urban Management, 2 (11), May 2009.
Babylonian cup final between the Pharisees and Sadducees.
Jesus' debate with the Sadducees in Luke is a life-or-death matter.