Sadducees


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Sadducees

(săj`o͝osēz, săd`yo͝o–), sect of Jews formed around the time of the Hasmonean revolt (c.200 B.C.). Little is known concerning their beliefs, but according to Josephus Flavius, they upheld only the authority of the written law, and not the oral tradition held by the Pharisees. They are believed to have had a small following, drawn primarily from the upper classes. Eventually, they reached an accommodation with the Pharisees, which allowed them to serve as priests in exchange for acceptance of Pharasitical rulings regarding the law. Their sect was centered on the cult of the Temple, and they ceased to exist after its destruction in A.D. 70.

Bibliography

See bibliography under PhariseesPharisees
, one of the two great Jewish religious and political parties of the second commonwealth. Their opponents were the Sadducees, and it appears that the Sadducees gave them their name, perushim, Hebrew for "separatists" or "deviants.
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Sadducees

 

(in Greek, Saddukaioi; in Hebrew, tsedoqim, from Tzadoq [Zadok], a high priest in the tenth century B.C.), a religious and political current in Judea from the second century B.C. through the first century A.D.; it drew its support from the higher officialdom, rich merchants, and the priestly, landhold-ing, and military aristocracy.

The Sadducees captured the commanding positions in the temple hierarchy and in political life and became the political basis of the Hasmonean dynasty. They sharply diverged from the Pharisees on questions of dogma, rejecting the Oral Law elaborated by the Pharisees and not permitting any deviation from the letter of the Mosaic Written Law. Contrary to the Pharisees’ teaching about a transcendental god, the Sadducees had anthropomorphic conceptions of him and rejected the doctrines of predestination, physical resurrection, and the immortality of the soul. They taught that god did not interfere in human affairs and that man had a free will and could freely choose between good and evil. After the attacks launched by Herod I, the war against Rome of 66–73, and the destruction of the Temple in A.D. 70, the Sadducees disappeared from the historical scene.

I. D. AMUSIN

References in periodicals archive ?
Karaites consider their thought to be a continuation of Sadducee doctrine, and the Quranites trace their origins tothe period of the second caliph in the first century of the Hijra.
The sign is wicked because a) it is a test, the Pharisees and Sadducees are afraid to show their opposition to Jesus' teaching, and b) the prophetic sign violates the teaching of the revolutionary Jewish peasant cynic, Jesus, who said that the course of history can change instantly (Crossan 1991).
In the trial of the apostles and that of Paul, we find that this council was divided according to politicoreligious lines: the High Priest and the Sadducees demanding an exemplary punishment against the apostles, and the Pharisees willing to dismiss the case altogether.
Against such teachings stand the Sadducees, who declare themselves to be "the subtle freethinkers of Palestine[.
The Second Soldier's speech that "[t]he Pharisees, for instance, say that there are angels, and the Sadducees declare that angels do not exist" (583) offers a simplified caricature of the Jews, which is repeated later in their dialogue:
His topics include the yeast of the Sadducees, corruption of morals and art, Roman Catholicism and the Council of Trent, and the blood of Christ.
He alleged that both the Sadducees and Pharisees were misguided and the Samaritans got off track, too.
Did He forget the Scribes and Pharisees, High Priests and Sadducees who prided themselves on their knowledge of the Scriptures, and who engineered the sentence of death?
Between History and Town-planning: Danitis, Maccabees, Sadducees, Medicis, Suricis, Christians and Marranos in Terra di Lavoro during the Middle Ages, Theoretical and Empirical Researches in Urban Management, 2 (11), May 2009.
Babylonian cup final between the Pharisees and Sadducees.
Jesus' debate with the Sadducees in Luke is a life-or-death matter.