flourishes behind a veneer of 'management-speak' about productivity, competitiveness and freedom.
What is interesting for my project, however, is that Foucault does not mention the rise of the terms masochism and sadism
, a puzzling omission given that the terms were invented and deployed in volume after volume of sexual tomes around the late nineteenth and early twentieth century.
That Aubrey's lust for Dianthe is undoubtedly prompted by her debilitated condition is crucial, because it establishes the lethal link between erotic pleasure and sadism
. In other words, her helplessness - her "invalid"ism - operates upon Aubrey as an aphrodisiac.
Our knowledge of sadism
is relatively new-it is something we have only begun to get a grip on with the help of Freud, and philosophers like Sartre and Derrida, who have capitalized on Freud's work.
Deleuze convincingly argues that masochism and sadism
as represented in the works of Sacher Masoch and Sade operate according to different economies of pleasure and pain.
Buckels believes studies like these are important to show how prevalent these personality types really are and can be used to redefine how we think of sadism
Two studies led by psychological scientist Erin Buckels of the University of British Columbia revealed that people who score high on a measure of sadism
seem to derive pleasure from behaviours that hurt others, and are even willing to expend extra effort to make someone else suffer.
He said: "In my judgement, there were acts of sadism
. You tormented this young man.
I would defy even the most fanatical of pro-vivisectionists to defend this wanton sadism
That may well be thanks to a slight touch of sadism
in the national psyche.
No wonder today's youngsters indulge in knife crime when such films endorse violence and sadism
Bentley's on form, and the lowbudget sadism
and gore are mildly entertaining.