The early establishment and stability of rugae have been extensively evaluated in the past, but only one study has been conducted to evaluate its association with sagittal
skeletal pattern.17 Due to the ethnic variation in the palatal rugae pattern, the current study was planned to evaluate the association of morphological characteristics of rugae in different sagittal
skeletal patterns in the local population.
After the introduction of lateral cephalogram its very important in determining the skeletal problem includinganteroposterior position of the jaws relative to each other which is important in treatment planning and especially in deciding whether orthodontic treatment alone or in combination with surgery is required.8 The first and most commonly used angle for determining the skeletal jaw disharmony in sagittal
plane is ANB angle.
In our study, we analyzed lumbosacral alignment using lateral sagittal
lumbosacral angles measurement.
Planning includes (1) localizing and demarcating the lesion of interest, (2) outlining ideal positions of osteotomies, and (3) delineating the intrabony course of the IAN to avoid severing or tearing the IAN during sagittal
tibial angle ranged from 50.46 to 89.10 degrees with an average of 68.03 degrees (SD 6.2026).
The reference points were marked out on each student's image, and the therapist observed and analyzed the posture from both the sagittal
and frontal planes 10 cm away.
(2) designed a classification for scoliosis that included the sagittal
plane, and its use remains pervasive in pediatric scoliosis practice.
Two different osteotomy procedures were considered in the evaluation: mentoplasty (or chin cut) and sagittal
osteotomy (or branch cut) of a human mandible.
 compared the stability between the total mandibular subapical osteotomy and bilateral sagittal
split ramus osteotomy (BSSO) for correction of class II subjects.
Pseudoradiographs were created from the CT scans in the axial and sagittal
directions, using Amira image analysis software (version 5.3.1, Visage Imaging, Andover, MA).
Some studies like ours reported that there was no association between the age of the patients and functional outcomes after posterior sagittal
anorectoplasty, whereas some others stated that bowel function may improve with age [11, 23].