Sailing Fleet

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sailing Fleet


a naval fleet consisting of sailing vessels. Permanent fleets appeared in the 17th century in Great Britain, France, and other Western European countries.

In Russia, a permanent regular sailing fleet was created in the early 18th century by Peter I. The first victory of the Russian fleet as won by Commander N. A. Seniavin’s squadron, which defeated a Swedish squadron in the battle of Ösel (1719). In the Russo-Turkish War of 1787–91 the Black Sea Fleet, under the command of F. F. Ushakov, gained major victories by the use of new tactics that were based on a combination of maneuvering and firing. Numerous important geographic discoveries were made by sailors of the Russian fleet. These include the discovery of the northwestern coast of North America in the 18th century, 42 circumnavigations and partial circumnavigations in the 19th century, and the voyage of F. F. Bellingshausen and M. P. Lazarev to Antarctica aboard the sloops Vostok and Mirnyi (1819–21).

In the mid-19th century all major countries began building steamships. The sailing fleet declined in importance, although sailing ships continued to constitute the nucleus of navies. The battle of Sinope in 1853 was the last battle fought by sailing fleets. After the Crimean War (1853–56), all countries began building fleets of ironclad steamships. In the latter part of the 19th century, propeller-driven steamships often continued to make use of sails but only in an auxiliary capacity.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In three years the 12-year-old PHBYC has successfully organized three Oz Goose FBWs in Luzon, the Visayas and Mindanao, making the Oz Goose the fastest-growing sailing fleet in the country, according to Espiritu.
They have an extensive sailing fleet suitable for both novices and professionals and offer a wide range of services including amateur, corporate and professional regattas.
The reason for this, the truism says, is that the sailing fleet of the country has such a long history, and such comprehensive coverage of the island nation's ports, that Indonesia's economy would continue to function, albeit at a slower pace.
Lahaina, HI, March 30, 2011 --( Trilogy Excursions has added a 64-foot catamaran, "Trilogy II," to its sailing fleet. The USCG-certified catamaran will take small groups on Molokini snorkel tours to a sunken volcanic crater located a few miles offshore of Maui.
Snow added: "Multi-million dollar maxis come down and then they go, but they are not part of the regular sailing fleet. It's important to have good, wholesome boats in the fleet."
THREE SuperSeaCats are joiningHoverspeed's sailing fleet from Dover to Calais and Ostend.
The Port Health Authority acted following complaints from the Port of Truro Oyster Dregders Association - operators of the world's only oyster dredging sailing fleet - and the Port of Falmouth Sailing Association.
Used to harvest oysters, the skipjacks that line Wenona's harbor make up part of the last commercial sailing fleet in the country.
Your total cost will probably be far less than maintaining and staffing your own sailing fleet and launch site facility.
He notes that Mahan's tome consistently downplayed tactical and technical innovations, and sums it up as "a blend of history and propaganda." Indeed, Hagan reserves one of his most pointed passages to observe that Nelson's great victory at Trafalgar at the head of a wooden sailing fleet was "largely irrelevant" to the steam-powered, iron-clad American navy that was in service by the time Mahan was writing.