Saint Lucia

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Saint Lucia

(sānt lo͞o`shə, –sēə), island nation (2005 est. pop. 166,000), 238 sq mi (616 sq km), West Indies, one of the Windward Islands. The capital is CastriesCastries
, town (1991 pop. 11,147; 1991 metropolitan area pop. 51,994), capital and commercial center of Saint Lucia. Its excellent landlocked harbor is one of the best in the West Indies. Castries was founded by the French in 1650.
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. Morne Gimie (3,145 ft/959 m high) and the twin pyramidal cones known as the Pitons are the most imposing landmarks. The country is subject hurricanes; it suffered significant destruction in 1980, 1994, and 2007. The population is largely of African descent and Roman Catholicism is the dominant religion, although there is a large Protestant minority. English is the official language, but Kwéyòl, a French creole, is also widely spoken, and many St. Lucians also speak French or Spanish.

The economy is largely based on agriculture (bananas, cocoa, and other tropical products are exported) and tourism. Saint Lucia has moved to attract foreign investment to its offshore banking industry, and has diversified its industrial base to include light manufacturing, the assembly of electronic components, and oil refining and transshipment. The United States and France are the main trading partners.

The country is a parliamentary democracy governed under the constitution of 1979. There is a bicameral Parliament, with an 11-seat Senate and a 17-seat House of Assembly; the government is headed by the prime minister. The monarch of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, represented by a governor-general, is the head of state. Administratively, the country is divided into 11 districts called quarters.


Columbus may have sighted the island on his 1502 voyage. The British failed in their first attempts at colonization in the early 17th cent. The island was later settled by the French, who signed a treaty with the local Caribs in 1660. Thereafter Saint Lucia was much contested by the two European powers until the British secured it in 1814. It was part of the British Windward Islands colony, and joined the West Indies FederationWest Indies Federation,
former federation of 10 British West Indian territories formed in 1958. Trinidad and Tobago, Jamaica, and Barbados were the principal members, but the federation included most of the Leeward and Windward islands, then under British control.
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 (1958–62) when the colony was dissolved. In 1967, Saint Lucia became one of the six members of the West Indies Associated States, with internal self-government, and in 1979 it gained full independence under Sir John ComptonCompton, Sir John
(John George Melvin Compton), 1925–2007, St. Lucian political leader, b. Canouan, Windward Islands (now in St. Vincent and the Grenadines). Compton attended high school in St.
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. Compton, of the conservative United Workers party (UWP), was again prime minister from 1982 to 1996, when he was succeeded by Vaughn Lewis. Kenny Anthony of the Labor party was prime minister from 1997 to 2006, when the UWP, again led by Compton, won control of parliament. In May, 2007, after Compton suffered a series of ministrokes, Finance and External Affairs Minister Stephenson King became acting prime minister and then, after Compton died in Sept., 2007, prime minister. The Nov., 2011, elections brought Anthony and Labor back into office, but Labor lost power after one term in June, 2016, and UWP leader Allen Chastanet became prime minister.

Saint Lucia

an island state in the Caribbean, in the Windward Islands group of the Lesser Antilles: a volcanic island; gained self-government in 1967 as a British Associated State; attained full independence within the Commonwealth in 1979. Official language: English. Religion: Roman Catholic majority. Currency: E Caribbean dollar. Capital: Castries. Pop.: 150 000 (2004 est.). Area: 616 sq. km (238 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Saint Lucia and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, Organization of American States, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and World Trade Organization.
Getting there - you can fly direct to Saint Lucia from Gatwick or Manchester with connecting flights from Aberdeen year round.
Although Saint Lucia is prone to the occasional tropical storm, it was the first hurricane of its magnitude to hit the island in around 30 years.
Former Saint Lucia orchestra director John Paul Bailey observed that while the children fought frequently at first, this dynamic quickly gave way to one of stimulation, mutual support, and trust.
On the one hand his Saint Lucia is a place of vibrant heat and air, the loveliness of foliage and sea, and the fluid, liminal, floating potentials evoked by underwater sequences; on the other the work it offers is waiting tallies, while a cruise ship "preening with privilege" sails by: "The immaculate hull insulted the tin roofs beneath it," Walcott writes, while "its humming engines spewed expensive garbage.
Anthony, now on a six-day visit to Japan through Saturday, serves also as minister for finance, planning, information and the public service of Saint Lucia.
then filed several counterclaims which Bancroft moved to dismiss in November 2011 based on forum selection clauses that required the counterclaims to be brought only in the courts of Saint Lucia under Saint Lucia law.
If you're of Scandinavian descent, someone in your family might wear a crown of candles on Saint Lucia Day, as Eva does in the story on pages 34-35.
Description : This project was designed by a group of women in the Northern Hills of Vieux Fort, Saint Lucia.
19, 2015 /PRNewswire-iReach/ -- Calabash Cove Resort & Spa, a boutique oceanfront hotel on Saint Lucia, is offering a 45% savings on regular room rates from January 5-31, 2016.
The government of Saint Lucia is making significant progress in developing the country's geothermal potential, encouraged by grants from the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and the Small Island Developing States Renewable Energy project (SIDS DOCK), facilitated by the World Bank, reports Caribbbean News Now (Sept.
Now dubbed the Saint Lucia Jazz and Arts Festival, the 13-day event is sporting a new name complete with eyecatching logo and a redefined artistic direction.

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