Saint Martin


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Saint Martin

(săN märtăN`), Du. Sint Maarten, island, 37 sq mi (96 sq km), West Indies, one of the Leeward Islands. Since its occupation in 1648 by the Dutch and the French, it has been divided. The northern part (2015 est pop. 32,000; 20 sq mi/52 sq km), with the capital at Marigot, is a French overseas collectivity; until 2007 it was part of GuadeloupeGuadeloupe
, overseas department and administrative region of France (2015 est. pop. 450,000), 687 sq mi (1,779 sq km), in the Leeward Islands, West Indies. The department comprises the neighboring islands of Basse-Terre and Grande-Terre (Guadeloupe proper) as well as
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. The president of France, represented by a prefect, is the head of state. The government is headed by the president of the unicameral Territorial Council, whose 23 members are elected to five-year terms. The southern part (2015 est. pop. 39,000; 17 sq mi/44 sq km) became an autonomous country in the Kingdom of the Netherlands when the Netherlands AntillesNetherlands Antilles,
former autonomous country in the Kingdom of the Netherlands consisting of several islands in the West Indies. Earlier known as the Dutch West Indies and Netherlands West Indies, the island country consisted of Bonaire and Curaçao, both lying off
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 was dissolved in 2010. The capital on the Dutch side is Philipsburg. The monarch of the Netherlands, represented by a governor-general, is the head of state. The prime minister, the head of government, is chosen by the unicameral parliament (Staten), whose 15 members are elected to four-year terms. Both capital towns are free ports. A hilly, scenic island provided with good harbors, St. Martin is a popular tourist resort, and tourism is the main source of income. The island was devastated by Hurricane Luis in 1995 and Hurricane Irma in 2017.

Martin, Saint,

c.316–397, bishop of Tours. Born a heathen in Pannonia (in modern Hungary), the son of a soldier, he became a convert and refused to fight Christians. He went (c.360) to St. Hilary of Poitiers and built himself a hermitage. In 371 he was acclaimed bishop, against his will. He continued to live as a monk in the monastery of Marmoutiers, near Tours, which became the training ground for Celtic missions. He was a staunch Catholic, but his zeal for orthodoxy did not prevent his withholding communion from those bishops who connived at the ruthless slaughter of the Priscillianist heretics. St. Martin was universally loved, and his cloak is a symbol of heroic charity (see chapelchapel,
subsidiary place of worship. It is either an alcove or chamber within a church, a separate building, or a room set apart for the purpose of worship in a secular building. A movable shrine containing the cappa, or cloak, of St.
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). His principal shrine was at Tours. Feast: Nov. 11 (known in England as Martinmas). St. Martin's summer is an English counterpart of the American Indian summer; it occurs in mid-November around the time of Martinmas.

Saint Martin

an island in the E Caribbean, in the Leeward Islands: administratively divided since 1648, the north belonging to France (as a dependency of Guadeloupe) and the south belonging to the Netherlands (as part of the Netherlands Antilles); salt industry. Pop.: (French) 29 078 (1999); (Dutch) 33 119 (2004 est.). Areas: (French) 52 sq. km (20 sq. miles); (Dutch) 33 sq. km (13 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
"I looked at what they were doing," said Saint Martin, assistant professor of the LHS pathology department, "and took a lot of their initiatives and applied them to what we are doing in medicine."
From 13 January to 26 March 2018, the end of the 2017-18 winter season, Air France will operate a non-stop service between Paris-Charles de Gaulle and Saint Martin - Juliana once a week by Airbus A340 with a capacity of 275 seats (30 seats in Business, 21 seats in Premium Economy and 224 seats in Economy).
The Lodge became a Dominican convent and Saint Martin's, an independent Catholic school, was then established on the site in 1953.
Head of PE at Saint Martin's, Judi Elston, said: "The girls have worked hard.
When Rowley located the craters on a map of the world 214 million years ago, Manicouagan, Rochechouart, and Saint Martin fell almost perfectly in line.
Having been Roman Catholic, I vaguely remembered hearing about Saint Martin. He was the mulatto saint of Lima, Peru who had been canonized by Pope John XXIII in 1962.
Like Saint Martin of Tours with 40 beggars, we have more need than resources.
In August, working in partnership with Barn House Day Nursery, the school will open Day Care at Saint Martin's - a new nursery for girls and boys from birth to five.