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Saint Martin(săN märtăN`), Du. Sint Maarten, island, 37 sq mi (96 sq km), West Indies, one of the Leeward Islands. Since its occupation in 1648 by the Dutch and the French, it has been divided. The northern part (2015 est pop. 32,000; 20 sq mi/52 sq km), with the capital at Marigot, is a French overseas collectivity; until 2007 it was part of GuadeloupeGuadeloupe
, overseas department and administrative region of France (2015 est. pop. 450,000), 687 sq mi (1,779 sq km), in the Leeward Islands, West Indies. The department comprises the neighboring islands of Basse-Terre and Grande-Terre (Guadeloupe proper) as well as
..... Click the link for more information. . The president of France, represented by a prefect, is the head of state. The government is headed by the president of the unicameral Territorial Council, whose 23 members are elected to five-year terms. The southern part (2015 est. pop. 39,000; 17 sq mi/44 sq km) became an autonomous country in the Kingdom of the Netherlands when the Netherlands AntillesNetherlands Antilles,
former autonomous country in the Kingdom of the Netherlands consisting of several islands in the West Indies. Earlier known as the Dutch West Indies and Netherlands West Indies, the island country consisted of Bonaire and Curaçao, both lying off
..... Click the link for more information. was dissolved in 2010. The capital on the Dutch side is Philipsburg. The monarch of the Netherlands, represented by a governor-general, is the head of state. The prime minister, the head of government, is chosen by the unicameral parliament (Staten), whose 15 members are elected to four-year terms. Both capital towns are free ports. A hilly, scenic island provided with good harbors, St. Martin is a popular tourist resort, and tourism is the main source of income. The island was devastated by Hurricane Luis in 1995 and Hurricane Irma in 2017.
Martin, Saint,c.316–397, bishop of Tours. Born a heathen in Pannonia (in modern Hungary), the son of a soldier, he became a convert and refused to fight Christians. He went (c.360) to St. Hilary of Poitiers and built himself a hermitage. In 371 he was acclaimed bishop, against his will. He continued to live as a monk in the monastery of Marmoutiers, near Tours, which became the training ground for Celtic missions. He was a staunch Catholic, but his zeal for orthodoxy did not prevent his withholding communion from those bishops who connived at the ruthless slaughter of the Priscillianist heretics. St. Martin was universally loved, and his cloak is a symbol of heroic charity (see chapelchapel,
subsidiary place of worship. It is either an alcove or chamber within a church, a separate building, or a room set apart for the purpose of worship in a secular building. A movable shrine containing the cappa, or cloak, of St.
..... Click the link for more information. ). His principal shrine was at Tours. Feast: Nov. 11 (known in England as Martinmas). St. Martin's summer is an English counterpart of the American Indian summer; it occurs in mid-November around the time of Martinmas.
an island in the E Caribbean, in the Leeward Islands: administratively divided since 1648, the north belonging to France (as a dependency of Guadeloupe) and the south belonging to the Netherlands (as part of the Netherlands Antilles); salt industry. Pop.: (French) 29 078 (1999); (Dutch) 33 119 (2004 est.). Areas: (French) 52 sq. km (20 sq. miles); (Dutch) 33 sq. km (13 sq. miles)