Saint Nicholas


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Nicholas, Saint,

patron of children and sailors, of Greece, Sicily, and Russia, and of many other places and persons. Little is known of him, but he is traditionally identified as a 4th-century bishop of Myra in Asia Minor. His relics were stolen from Myra in the Middle Ages and taken to Bari, Italy. St. Nicholas is the subject of many legends. He is credited with restoring to life three boys who had been chopped up and pickled in salt by a butcher. Another famous story concerns his giving three bags of gold to the daughters of a poor man and thus saving them from lives of prostitution. Later tradition transformed the bags into three gold balls, which became the symbol of pawnbrokers. In the Netherlands and elsewhere St. Nicholas's feast (Dec. 6) is a children's holiday, appropriate for gifts. The English in colonial New York adopted from the Dutch the now unrecognizable saint, calling him Santa Claus (a contraction of the Dutch Sint Nikolaas). They moved his feast day to the English gift holiday, Christmas. The career and qualities attributed to Santa Claus are all recently acquired.

Bibliography

See biography by C. W. Jones (1978, repr. 1988).

References in periodicals archive ?
Saint Nicholas (via Midwest Augustinians / MANILA BULLETIN)
In the vast majority of depictions, Santa Claus, Saint Nicholas and Father Christmas are portrayed as white-skinned Europeans with rosy cheeks and white beards.
Historically (270-343), Saint Nicholas was the bishop of Myra (a town in present-day Turkey).
Saint Nicholas is the patron saint of sailors, merchants, archers, repentant thieves, children, pawnbrokers and students.
The Black Sea resort, which is part of the Sozopol Municipality, was known as Sveti Nikola (Saint Nicholas) until 1951.
In the run-up to Saint Nicholas's arrival, we will look at ways of adding a special magical touch throughout your home with trees, decorations, wreaths, garlands, scents and much more.
The heavy doors of the EU (that wants to presents itself falsely like Europe) were opened on Saint Nicholas, the patron of the voyagers and children, and the thought that we act more like children and less like voyagers is unavoidable.
of Saint Nicholas of Hidalgo) present a novel inverse optimal control for the stabilization and trajectory tracking of discrete-time nonlinear systems, that avoids the need to solve the associated Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman (HJB) equation and minimizes a cost functional.
Saint Nicholas was the bishop of Mira in Spain, who was known for his great generosity, especially toward children.
IE-yk SoytE-rk, the author of "Saint Nicholas," writes that Turkey is the home of the historical Saint Nicholas, also known as Santa Claus.
NNA - Lebanon bid farewell Sunday to Patriarch Ignatius IV Hazim of Antioch and the entire East in a funeral held at Saint Nicholas Church in Achrafiyeh, attended by a throng of political, diplomatic and religious figures, whereby President Michel Sleiman offered National Order of cedar rank of Grand Cordon to the late Patriarch.
Chicago, IL, December 03, 2012 --(PR.com)-- The Maltese Cross Corps charity organization has a long, great tradition of organizing the "Saint Nicholas Goes to Orphans" action shortly before Saint Nicholas Day on December 19th.