Leningrad Polytechnic Institute

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Leningrad Polytechnic Institute


(M. I. Kalinin Leningrad Polytechnic Institute). The institute now known as the M. I. Kalinin Leningrad Polytechnic Institute was founded in 1899 and opened in 1902. It was named after M. I. Kalinin in 1923.

Those who have worked at the institute include Academicians A. F. Ioffe, M. A. Pavlov, A. A. Baikov, B. G. Galerkin, N. N. Pavlovskii, P. I. Lukirskii, N. T. Gudtsov, and M. M. Karnaukhov, all founders of major schools of scientific thought; Professors M. A. Shatelen, A. A. Gorev, V. F. Mitkevich, A. V. Vul’f, and M. D. Kamenskii, who took part in the development and implementation of the GOELRO plan (State Commission for the Electrification of Russia); and Academicians N. N. Semenov, D. V. Skobel’tsyn, P. L. Kapitsa, Iu. B. Khariton, and I. K. Kikoin.

As of 1973, the institute had departments of hydraulic engineering, electromechanics, power engineering machinery construction, mechanics and machine construction, physics and metallurgy, engineering economics, radio electronics, and remote control systems. In addition, it had evening, correspondence, advanced training, graduate, and preparatory divisions.

The institute comprises (1973) 13 research institutes, 95 subdepartments, six special problem laboratories, 14 sectorial laboratories for scientific research, and more than 100 teaching laboratories. There are more than 2 million volumes in its library.

During the 1972–73 academic year, there were about 18,500 students studying at the institute. There were more than 1,500 teachers, including five academicians and corresponding members of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, about 130 professors and doctors of science, and more than 660 docents and candidates of science. The institute accepts candidates’ and doctors’ dissertations for defense. The institute has published Trudy (Transactions) since 1904. The institute has trained about 60,000 engineers since it first opened. It was awarded the Order of Lenin in 1967.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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