Saint-Arnaud, Armand Jacques Leroy de

Saint-Arnaud, Armand Jacques Leroy de

(ärmäN` zhäk lərwä` də săNtärnō`), 1798?–1854, marshal of France. After serving in the French Foreign Legion in Algeria from 1837, he was one of the generals summoned from Africa by Louis Napoleon (later Napoleon III) to support his coup of Dec., 1851. As minister of war, Saint-Arnaud supported bloody repression of workers' resistance to the coup. He commanded the French troops in the Crimean War and won the victory of the Alma shortly before he died of cholera.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Saint-Arnaud, Armand Jacques Leroy de

 

Born Aug. 20, 1798, in Paris; died Sept. 29, 1854, on board a ship in the Black Sea. Marshal of France (1852).

Saint-Arnaud advanced through the ranks during the colonial wars in Algeria, where he served from 1837 to 1851. As minister of war from 1851, he supported Louis Napoleon during the coup of Dec. 2, 1851. In 1854, during the Crimean War of 1853–56, Arnaud commanded the French expeditionary forces in their landing in the Crimea and in the battle on the Alma River. He died of cholera.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.