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island and French overseas collectivity (2010 est. pop. 7,400), 8 sq mi (21 sq km), West Indies, one of the Leeward Islands; also called St. Barts in English. Gustavia is the capital, main town, and main port. The hilly island has a mild, humid climate and is subject to hurricanes. The economy depends on tourism and duty-free commerce; most food and other goods are imported. The inhabitants are mainly of European, mixed race Creole, African, and French–East Asian mestizo descent; French is the official language, and English also is spoken. There is an elected, 19-seat Territorial Council whose president is the head of government. ColumbusColumbus, Christopher,
Ital. Cristoforo Colombo , Span. Cristóbal Colón , 1451–1506, European explorer, b. Genoa, Italy. Early Years
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 named (1493) the island for his brother Bartolomeo. Settled by the French (1648), St. Barts was sold (1784) to Sweden and prospered as a trade center. In 1878 it was sold back to France and administered from GuadeloupeGuadeloupe
, overseas department and administrative region of France (2015 est. pop. 450,000), 687 sq mi (1,779 sq km), in the Leeward Islands, West Indies. The department comprises the neighboring islands of Basse-Terre and Grande-Terre (Guadeloupe proper) as well as
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. A 2003 referendum led to the island's separation from Guadeloupe in 2007. St. Barts suffered severe damage from Hurricane Irma in 2017.
References in periodicals archive ?
(1991),"Le massacre de la Saint-Barthelemy :la valeur des temoignages et leur interpretation,"Revue d'histoire moderne et contemporaine 38: 529-554.
Shaken by the Wars of Religion and the Saint-Barthelemy massacre, disillusioned by the failings of Henri III's reign, Baif came to feel that, for the sake of national stability, state and religion should be separated, and that France needed a strong king who must yet be subject to the law.
Roberts devotes a chapter to the Saint-Barthelemy poems, not to rehabilitate Catherine, but to explain the dilemma posed to moderate Catholics like Baif, who defended the Valois but were uncomfortable with the violent turn that events had taken.
"Taking account of the structural social and economic situation of Guadeloupe, French Guiana, Martinique, Reunion, Saint-Barthelemy, Saint-Martin, the Azores, Madeira and the Canary Islands, which is compounded by their remoteness, insularity, small size, difficult topography and climate, economic dependence on a few products, the permanence and combination of which severely restrain their development, the Council, on a proposal from the Commission and after consulting the European Parliament, shall adopt specific measures aimed, in particular, at laying down the conditions of application of the treaties to those regions, including common policies."
(1) Guadeloupe, Guyana, Reunion, Martinique, Saint-Barthelemy, Saint-Martin, Azores, Madeira and Canary Islands