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Saint-Louis(săN-lwē), city (1988 pop. 160,689), NW Senegal, a port at the mouth of the Senegal River. The terminus of a railroad from DakarDakar
, city (1988 pop. 672,991), capital of Senegal, W Senegal, on Cape Verde Peninsula, a port on the Atlantic Ocean. Situated in a market-gardening region, Dakar is Senegal's largest city and its administrative, communications, and economic center.
..... Click the link for more information. , it is a fishing, trade, and export center for peanuts, hides, and skins. The oldest French colonial settlement in Africa, Saint-Louis was founded (1638) on an island in the river as a trade base. In 1659 a French fort was built there. Except for brief periods (1758–79; 1809–15) of British rule, it was the capital of all French possessions in W Africa and capital of French West AfricaFrench West Africa,
former federation of eight French overseas territories. The constituent territories were Dahomey (now Benin), French Guinea (now Guinea), French Sudan (now Mali), Côte d'Ivoire, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, and Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso).
..... Click the link for more information. from its inception (1895) until 1902. Saint-Louis was subsequently (1902–58) capital of both Senegal and Mauritania. It has declined since independence but remains an important administrative, tourist, and trading center.
a city in northeastern France, in Alsace, in Haut-Rhin Department. Located on the Swiss border near Basel, on the Rhône-Rhine Canal. Population, 15,000 (1968). Saint-Louis manufactures machine tools and chemical and textile products.
a city and port on southwestern Réunion Island. Population, 30,000 (1973). There is a railroad station in the city. Saint-Louis has sugar, tobacco, and canned-fruit industries.
a city in northwestern Senegal, on the island of Saint-Louis. Capital of Fleuve Region. Population, 75,000 (1973). Saint-Louis is a river port situated near the mouth of the Sénégal River. A highway junction, the city is linked by railroad with Dakar and has an airport. Saint-Louis is a trading and distribution center in the Sénégal Valley. It has fishing and cottage industries. Founded in 1658–59 by the French, the city was the capital of Senegal until 1958.