Saint-Quentin


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Saint-Quentin

(săN-käNtăN`), city (1990 pop. 62,085), Aisne dept., N France, on the Somme River. Foundry products, machinery, textiles, and food products are manufactured. Saint-Quentin was famous for its cloth during the Middle Ages. Of Roman origin, the city was chartered in 1080 and was the capital of the medieval county of VermandoisVermandois
, region, N France, now in Somme and Aisne depts. The region is largely agricultural (wheat, beets) but has some industry (metallurgy, textiles, rubber) located principally at Saint-Quentin, the former capital. Vermandois became an earldom under Charlemagne (9th cent.
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. It became part of the royal domain in 1191 and was ceded briefly to Burgundy (1435–77). The city has a long history of sieges and captures, most notably by the Spanish (1557) during the Wars of ReligionReligion, Wars of,
1562–98, series of civil wars in France, also known as the Huguenot Wars.

The immediate issue was the French Protestants' struggle for freedom of worship and the right of establishment (see Huguenots).
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. The Musée Lécuyer contains pastels by Maurice Quentin de La Tour, who was born in Saint-Quentin. In the city is the Collégiale Saint-Quentin (dating from the 13th to the 15th cent.), a large Gothic church.
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Saint-Quentin

a town in N France, on the River Somme: textile industry. Pop.: 59 066 (1999)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005