Saint-Vallier, Jean Baptiste de la Croix

Saint-Vallier, Jean Baptiste de la Croix

(zhäN bätēst` də lä krwä săN-välyā`), 1653–1727, Roman Catholic bishop of Quebec, b. France. He succeeded François Xavier de LavalLaval, François Xavier de
, 1623–1708, French prelate in Canada, first bishop of Quebec. Of noble family (his family name in full was Laval-Montmorency), he gave up his large patrimony to enter the church.
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 in 1688 after serving as his vicar general. Austere and aggressive, he formulated a strict ecclesiastical discipline and came into conflict with the civil governors, especially the comte de Frontenac. Quarrels also arose between Saint-Vallier and Laval with regard to diocesan organization, the seminary, and the new bishop's expenditures. From 1700 to 1713 Saint-Vallier was in France and, as a prisoner, in England. He did much for the people of Quebec, notably founding the Hôpital Général for the poor.
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