Saintpaulia


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Related to Saintpaulia: Saintpaulia ionantha

Saintpaulia

 

a genus of perennial herbs of the family Ges-neriaceae. The plants generally have a short, sometimes spreading stem and rosettes of succulent, downy, rounded leaves. The flowers are in dichasial inflorescences. The perianth is five-parted, and the calyx is symphyllous. The large corolla, which has a short tube, is violet, purple, pink, or white. The ovary is hairy. The fruit is an elongate capsule with tiny seeds.

There are about 12 species, distributed mainly in the mountain forests in tropical East Africa. The African violet (S. ionantha) grows in Tanzania. Saintpaulia was first cultivated in Europe at the end of the 19th century and soon became a popular house plant. Flowering may occur almost year-round. The plants are easily propagated from leaf cuttings.

References in periodicals archive ?
Isolation and sequence analysis of two CYC-like genes, SiCYCIA and SiCACIB, from zygomorphic and actinomorphic cultivars of Saintpaulia ionantha (Gesneriaceae).
Virtually all Saintpaulia species originate from the higher coastal areas of Tanzania where light levels are low due to cloud cover and temperatures and humidity are high.
a) Lobelia, (b) Daffodil, (c) Crimson Gem, (d) Pampas, (e) Plump Picker, (f) Mint, (g) George's Special, (h) Primrose, (i) Thrift, (j) Saintpaulia (African violet).
Warm tap water will work well, but avoid wetting the leaves of hairy-leafed plants such as African violets, also known as Saintpaulia.
j) Is a houseplant not grown for berries: capsicum, saintpaulia, solanum.
Most are derived from Saintpaulia ionantha, named after Baron Walter von Saint Paul-Ilaire, who discovered the species in central Africa in 1892.
a) Who was the African violet, Saintpaulia, named after?
During winter, Saintpaulias need more light but never direct sunlight.
A: Saintpaulias (African Violets) are one of the kinds of flowers which are protected, as most kinds of vegetables are, under the Plant Varieties and Seeds Act 1964.
Saintpaulias, or African violets, aren't hardy so it should be kept as a houseplant.