Sajó

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Sajó

 

(also Slaná), a river in Czechoslovakia and Hungary, a right tributary of the Tisza River of the Danube basin. The Sajó is 229 km long and drains an area of 12,700 sq km. The river rises in the Slovak Ore Mountains and flows, for the most part, in a broad valley; in its lower course it flows along the Middle Danube Plain. The Sajó is fed primarily by rain, and freshets occur in the summer and fall. The mean flow rate is approximately 70 cu m per sec. In some years, the river freezes over for one or two months. It is used for timber flotation. The Hungarian city of Miskolc is located on the Sajó.

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Born about 1205, the second son of Juji (Jochi) Khan and a grandson of Genghis Khan; elected commander in chief for the invasion of Russia and Eastern Europe by the assembled Mongol chiefs, but the real commander was Subotai (December 1237); destroyed and conquered the principalities of northern Russia (1237-1238); fought at the storming of Kiev (December 6, 1240); personally led the central column in the following campaign in Poland and Hungary; fought at the battle of the Sajo River against King Bela's Hungarians, defeating them utterly (April 11, 1241); consolidated control of Hungary (summer), but returned to Mongolia to choose the new khan on the death of Ogodai Khan (December 1241); settled at Sarai on the Volga, and founded the Khanate of the Golden Horde; died at Sarai (1255).