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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a railroad station on the Riga-Ogre line in the Latvian SSR. During the Great Patriotic War of 1941–45, German fascists built a concentration camp near Salaspils in which more than 100,000 people were exterminated.

Between 1961 and 1967 a memorial group for the victims of fascist terror was erected on the site of the camp (sculptors L. Bukovskii, J. Zariņš, and O. Skarainis; architects G. Asaris, O. N. Zakamennyi, O. Ostenbergs, and I. Strautmanis; Lenin Prize, 1970). The complex occupies about 40 hectares and includes a symbolic structure called the Wall of Life and Death (concrete and labradorite). This museum to the memory of the camp victims can be seen from a viewing platform.

The Road of Suffering surrounds a central field on which concrete statues and groups reaching 15 m in height have been erected. These monuments symbolize the tragedy of the people and their hatred of fascism and determination in the struggle. The complex is dramatic and inspiring and affirms the solidarity and steadfast resistance of the people. A monument to Soviet soldiers who perished as prisoners of war is located near Salaspils (concrete, 1967–70; sculptors J. Maurins and others; architects O. Ostenbergs and others).


Salaspils. [Riga, 1975.]
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Participants in the meeting welcomed German businessmen's activity and interest in the implementation of the Rail Baltica and the Salaspils multimodal logistics center projects.
He identified five large infrastructure development projects that have been submitted to the National Development and Reform Commission that would improve the country's logistics capacity by coordinating with China's BRI: "The five most significant investment projects have been identified and submitted to the National Development and Reform Commission's consideration are: a logistics center at the Freeport of Riga, a new harbor in the Freeport of Ventspils, the Rail Baltica Intermodal Logistics Centre near Salaspils, a logistics center in Riga International Airport, and a strategic partnership with airBaltic.
Salaspils, United Kingdom, January 22, 2016 --( Brand Marketing Zone Ltd., a well-known advertising and marketing firm across the U.K.
The station in Latvia (Salaspils) showed the highest values of PCBs and DDTs in the air, with a median concentration of 454 pg/[m.sup.3] of PCBs and 12 pg/[m.sup.3] of DDTs.
Gas chambers and crematoria of Oswiecim (Auschwitz), Buchenwald, Salaspils and other concentration death camps and the Holocaust tragedy showed what fascism implied and what sort of future the so-called 'new order' was preparing for the world.
(a) RTU Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Miera 34, LV-2169 Salaspils, Latvia;
In the fall of 1941, Nazi occupation authorities also established work camps at Salaspils and Jungfernhof.
The analyses on PCB and pesticides, made by Lund University on the samples taken near the Gulf of Riga in the five Baltic air-research stations in Estonia (Vilsandi--Saaremaa and Tahkuse-Western-Estonia) and Latvia (Salaspils, Salacgriva and Slitere) in 1993-94, showed that the air and rain water samples taken in Estonian stations were relatively cleaner compared with the samples taken in Latvia [1, 5, 6].
THE EUROPEAN Commission's nuclear energy directorate has found a series of radiation protection procedure and capacity failings at Latvia's Salaspils research nuclear reactor.