Salerno


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Salerno

(sälār`nō), city (1991 pop. 148,932), capital of Salerno prov., Campania, S Italy, on the Gulf of Salerno, an inlet of the Tyrrhenian Sea. It is an agricultural, commercial, and industrial center. Manufactures include machinery, textiles, construction materials, and processed food. Originally a Greek settlement and later a Roman colony (founded 197 B.C.), Salerno became (6th cent.) a part of the duchy of Benevento and in the 9th cent. the seat of an independent principality, which fell to Robert Guiscard in 1076. In Sept., 1943, there was fierce fighting on the beaches near Salerno between the Allied landing forces and the Germans, who were pressed to retreat toward Naples. Of note in Salerno is the Sicilian-Norman cathedral (11th cent; redone in the 18th cent.), with the tomb of Pope Gregory VII and an impressive 12th-century pulpit. The famous medical school of Salerno (founded in the 9th cent., closed in the early 19th cent.) is believed to have been the first of its kind and reached its height in the 12th cent.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Salerno

 

a city in southern Italy, on the Gulf of Salerno of the Tyrrhenian Sea. Capital of Salerno Province, Campania. Population, 154,500 (1971). Salerno has machine-building, chemical, food, tobacco, textile, and clothing industries; building materials are also produced. The city has a port with a freight turnover of 257,000 tons (1971). It has a university (1944).

Salerno is mentioned by classical authors as a Roman colony (from 197 B.C.). In the 11th to 13th centuries, the city was known for its medical school—the first secular medical school in Europe—where instruction was based on Greek and Arab medical achievements and where great importance was placed on experimentation and observations. In the 12th and 13th centuries Salerno was an important handicraft and commercial center. In 1647 and 1648 there was a popular uprising against Spanish domination in the city, which, together with all of southern Italy, had come under the control of Aragon in 1442. During World War II, Salerno was the disembarkation site for the Allied forces in Italy (September 1943).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Salerno

a port in SW Italy, in Campania on the Gulf of Salerno: first medical school of medieval Europe. Pop.: 138 188 (2001)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The book focuses on the Salerno region, the principality that emerged after 849 and the diocese of the bishops, later archbishops.
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She claimed from aged 13 she was treated like Salerno's personal slave and had to serve him ripe fruit, run his bath to a precise temperature, prepare his food, open doors for him and do his washing.
Since joining Arbella in 2014, Salerno has led the implementation of numerous service and loss management improvements, built training and development programs and has assembled a strong claim management team, the carrier said in a press release.
He spent all of his time at work," said his son, George Salerno. "In our business, work is helping people in a very difficult time, so that's all my dad was about."
Salerno and his team of executives have operated over 125 sports books in Nevada over the past forty years.
Salerno had hoped to propose to Jessica during half-time of their Premier League clash with Liverpool, which was originally scheduled to take place in the all-new stadium on the site of the now-demolished White Hart Lane.
Diamond, a kidney specialist and photo collector with an interest in World War II, provides b&w photos of fighting during World War II from Salerno to the Gustav Line from 1943 to 1944.