Salicaceae


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Related to Salicaceae: willow family

Salicaceae

[‚sal·ə′kās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
The single family of the order Salicales.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Salicaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants, comprising three genera: Populus, Salix, and Chosenia. Salicaceae are dioecious trees or shrubs. The alternate leaves have stipules; in many varieties the leaves fall early. The flowers, gathered into a catkin, are small, unisexual, and lack a perianth. A small cupular formation on the base of the pistil or the stamens in Populus and one to two glands (nectaries) in Salix are considered to be the remainder of a reduced perianth.

The male flowers of most willows (Salix) have two to five stamens, and of Chosenia, five; the poplar and aspen male flowers have many. The female flowers have one pistil from two carpels. The fruit is a unilocular boll with numerous tufted seeds. Members of the Salicaceae family grow primarily in moderate regions in both hemispheres. Fossilized remnants of Salicaceae are found in deposits beginning with the Cretaceous period.

REFERENCES

Flora SSSR, vol. 5. Edited by V.L. Komarov. Moscow-Leningrad, 1936.
Hutchinson, J. The Genera of Flowering Plants, vol. 2. Oxford, 1967.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
* Qatar: 1 report; Fagaceae (0.4%), Betulaceae (1.1%), Mulberry white tree (1.4%), Cypress (0.4%), Oleaceae (1.4%), Salicaceae (0.5%), and Tree mix (2.1%).
Although most miRNAs are highly conserved in different plant species, specific miRNAs have been detected in Salicaceae species (Table 3).
Harrison, "A preliminary account of the chromosomes and chromosome behaviour in the salicaceae," Annals of Botany, vol.
The predominant plant families were Pinaceae and Moraceae, with five species each, followed by Fagaceae and Salicaceae, represented by four species each.
La familia Salicaceae comprende arboles y arbustos higrofilos como los sauces--Salix sp.--y los chopos--Populus sp.--.
Morphology and Anatomy of Resin Glands in Salix lucida (Salicaceae) American Journal of Botany, v.
1256 grains/[cm.sup.2], Salicaceae 899 grains/[cm.sup.2], Betulaceae 669 grains/[cm.sup.2], Juglandaceae 190 grains/[cm.sup.2], Fagaceae 134 grains/[cm.sup.2], Rosaceae 60 grains/[cm.sup.2] and Mimosaceae 14 grains/[cm.sup.2].
Poaceae 0.01 Poa pratensis Poaceae 0.04 Populus deltoides Salicaceae 0.02 Potentilla anserina Rosaceae 0.03 Prunus pumila Rosaceae 0.08 Ptelea trifoliata Rutaceae 0.01 Quercus sp.