Salicornia


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Related to Salicornia: Salicornia europaea

Salicornia

 

(glassworts), a genus of halophilic plants of the family Chenopodiaceae. These succulent, jointed annual or perennial herbs and shrubs have opposite branches and scalelike leaves. The flowers are usually gathered in threes and are embedded in the fleshy axis of the spicate inflorescence. The perianth is connate and fleshy.

There are about 35 species, distributed predominantly in warm-temperate, subtropical, and tropical zones. Three species are found in the USSR. S. europaea grows on the Baltic coast, in the central and southern zones of the European USSR, in the Caucasus, in Middle Asia, in southern Serbia, and in the Far East. It often forms a dense cover on moist solonchaks, solonchak shallows, seashores, solonchak meadows, and swamps. The plant is used as autumn-winter fodder for camels and sheep; in some places, for example, France, it is used as a seasoning or vegetable. The plant also serves as an insecticide, and its ashes contain potash.

References in periodicals archive ?
We're using that water to irrigate through to the salicornia fields.
ISAS combines aquaculture, Salicornia cultivation, and mangrove silviculture into an integrated low-impact system for biofuel production that relies on seawater irrigation and does not compete for arable land.
According to Hassan El Shaer, president of the International Society for Halophyte Utilisation (ISHU), salicornia contains more edible oil than soya beans, makes excellent animal fodder and yields a high-energy biofuel that can power jet aeroplanes.
1998) found that replacing Rhodes grass by Salicornia stems in the diet did not have any adverse effect on carcass characteristics of growing Najdi lambs if fresh water was available.
According to researchers at the University of Arizona, salicornia seeds are about 30 percent oil by weight, nearly double the oil content of soybean.
The integrated approach uses saltwater to create an aquaculture-based seafood farming system in parallel with the growth of mangrove forests and salicornia, a plant that thrives in salty conditions.
The species include the purple flower-tipped plants Limonium nashii (sea lavender), the edible plant Salicornia europaea (pickleweed) and Triglochin maritima, a popular food for Brent and Canada geese as well as ducks and other migratory waterfowl.
as salicornia could be converted to biofuels, and that the creation of
rostratus) along the xeric coast of northern and central Sonora occur in sparse halophytes (Frankenia, Allenrolfia, Atriplex, Salicornia, Suaeda, Cressa, Distichlis, Monanthochloe, and Batis), whereas other populations of saltmarsh sparrows, with the exception of those on Islas San Benito, occur in dense marsh vegetation (in Bahia Magdalena they also occur in mangroves [Rhizophora mangle]).
ALGERIA: Batna, Ras El Aioun, among grasses around pool in small poplar forest around fountain, 700 m, 16 October 1987, 5[female] (CRB); Boumerdes, Reghaia, marsh with Tamarisk at mouth of Oued Reghaia, 5 m, 3 May 1988, pt, 5[female] (CRB); Ain Temouchent, between El Malah and El Ghella, among Salicornia and Atriplex near brackish water along Rio Salado, 80 m, 24 April 1984, 2[female] (CRB).
Clarins explored the flora of six continents, enabling its laboratories to bring together the most active "hydro" and "lipo" plant extracts, including maritime pine, salicornia, kiwi and macadamia, as well as two vitamin C derivatives.
A spectral signature analysis of the different kinds of intertidal habitats (tidal fiats, saltmarshes dominated by Spartina alterniflora Loisel and saltmarshes dominated by Sarcocornia perennis (Miller) (formerly Salicornia ambigua) were compared with the spectral signature of a known oyster bed.